SEC Charge Two ICO Startups for Failing to Register Their Tokens As Securities


On Friday (16 November 2018), the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) announced that two blockchain startups that had raised funds in 2017 via initial coin offerings (ICOs) had agreed to refund investors, register their tokens as securities, file regular reports with the SEC, and pay civil penalties for registration violations.

According to the SEC’s orders against Paragon Coin, Inc. and CarrierEQ, Inc (doing business as “Airfox”), both companies conducted ICOs in 2017 despite the fact that Commission had warned companies in the DAO Investigation Report that ICO tokens could be viewed as securities under the Securities Act of 1933 (“Securities Act”) and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Exchange Act”).

That report had concluded that:

“Whether or not a particular transaction involves the offer and sale of a security—
regardless of the terminology used—will depend on the facts and circumstances, including the economic realities of the transaction. Those who offer and sell securities in the United States
must comply with the federal securities laws, including the requirement to register with the
Commission or to qualify for an exemption from the registration requirements of the federal
securities laws.”

The order against Paragon says that this online entity was “purportedly established to implement blockchain technology in the cannabis industry,” and that from August 2017 through October 2017, it “offered and sold digital tokens (‘PRG’ or ‘PRG tokens’) to be issued on a blockchain, or a distributed ledger (‘the offering’)”. Furthermore, in connection with this offering, “Paragon described the way in which PRG tokens would increase in value as a result of Paragon’s efforts and stated that PRG tokens would be traded on secondary markets.” Paragon was able to raise “approximately $12 million worth of digital assets during the offering.” It did not “register the offering pursuant to the federal securities laws, nor did it attempt to qualify for an exemption to the registration requirements.”

As for the order against Airfox, a “Massachusetts business that sold mobile technology that allowed customers of certain United States prepaid mobile telecommunications operators to earn free or discounted airtime or data by interacting with advertisements on their smartphones,” apparently, between August and October 2017, Airfox “offered and then sold digital tokens (‘AirTokens’), which were issued on a blockchain or distributed ledger.” Via this ICO, it managed to raise “approximately $15 million in capital for the purpose of creating and capitalizing a new, international business and ecosystem.” The order further alleges that in connection with the offering, “AirFox stated that AirTokens would increase in value as a result of AirFox’s efforts, and that AirFox would undertake efforts to provide investors with liquidity by making AirTokens tradeable on secondary markets.”

The Commission says that neither company “registered their ICOs pursuant to the federal securities laws, nor did they qualify for an exemption to the registration requirements.”

Stephanie Avakian, Co-Director of the SEC’s Enforcement Division, said:

“We have made it clear that companies that issue securities through ICOs are required to comply with existing statutes and rules governing the registration of securities. These cases tell those who are considering taking similar actions that we continue to be on the lookout for violations of the federal securities laws with respect to digital assets.”

Steven Peikin, Co-Director of the SEC’s Enforcement Division, stated:

“By providing investors who purchased securities in these ICOs with the opportunity to be reimbursed and having the issuers register their tokens with the SEC, these orders provide a model for companies that have issued tokens in ICOs and seek to comply with the federal securities laws.”

The orders “impose $250,000 penalties against each company and include undertakings to compensate harmed investors who purchased tokens in the illegal offerings.”  Also, both companies will need to register their tokens as securities, and “file periodic reports with the Commission for at least one year.”  Both Paragon and Airfox “consented to the orders without admitting or denying the findings.”

Featured Image Credit: Photo via 

US SEC Levies ‘First’ Civil Penalties Against Two ICOs for ‘Unregistered’ Securities

In a self-described “first,” the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has imposed civil penalties against two Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) solely over their failure to register their token sales, according to an official Nov. 16 press release.

The SEC states it has reached settlements with two ICO companies, CarrierEQ Inc. (Airfox) and Paragon Coin Inc., both of whom reportedly conducted their token sales last year after the SEC had already “warned” that ICOs could be deemed securities offerings in its July 2017 DAO Report of Investigation.

The nature of the settlements require both companies to “return funds to harmed investors, register the[ir] tokens as securities, file periodic reports with the Commission, and pay penalties” of $250,000 each.

The enforcement action implies that both Airfox and Paragon’s tokens were judged to have been securities, i.e. investments whose return was dependent on a third-party’s efforts or success. Both were thus required to have been registered with the SEC under U.S. federal law.

Airfox is a Boston-based startup that raised around $15 million worth of tokens to fund the development of its emerging markets-focused tokenized data system; ParagonCoin, for its part, raised around $12 million to develop blockchain-based solutions for the cannabis industry.

Stephanie Avakian, co-director of the SEC’s Enforcement Division is quoted as saying that “[t]hese cases tell those who are considering taking similar actions that we continue to be on the lookout for violations of the federal securities laws with respect to digital assets.”

The Wall Street Journal today reports that Paragon and Airfox have neither admitted nor denied the SEC claims. The orders in their settlements will require both companies to file third-party audited financial statements and other disclosures aimed at providing investor protection, similar to what is required of Initial Public Offerings (IPOs).

The SEC has further stated that the Airfox and Paragon cases follow upon the Commission’s “first non-fraud ICO registration case,” involving a company called “Munchee, Inc.” Munchee has reportedly returned all proceeds to investors and ceased its offering before any token issuance, thereby avoiding any penalties from the regulator.

As revealed just today, the SEC has also opened a probe into crypto loans firm Salt, once associated with high-profile crypto industry stalwart Erik Voorhees, over its 2017 $50 million token sale.

Also today, the suspect at the center of the U.S.’ first ICO fraud case has pleaded guilty to making false statements to obtain money from investors.

Hash Wars: Day Two and the Anticipation for BCH Trading Platforms to Reopen

It has been close to 24 hours since the Bitcoin Cash (BCH) blockchain split on Nov. 15, and the community is assessing the first day of battle. At the time of writing, both chains are still operational and the ABC chain has a 32-block lead on the SV chain. Now many BCH supporters are patiently waiting to find out when infrastructure providers will resume deposits, withdrawals, and trading across the entire ecosystem.

Also read: Hash Wars: ABC Chain Leaps More Than 50 Blocks Ahead

Some Believe the Hash War Will Continue

The BCH hash war has continued into the second day of network warfare, protocol activity, and an abundance of discussions across social media. A clear victor has not yet been decided, according to SV supporters who believe the hash war is “not a sprint, but a marathon.” Currently, the ABC chain is 32 blocks ahead of SV and it has more hashrate and accumulated proof-of-work behind it, according to Coin Dance cash, and data. Still, the SV chain has continued to chug along and has about 5,266 PH/s worth of hashrate compared to the ABC chain’s 7,237 PH/s. Moreover, SV supporters, specifically Nchain’s Craig Wright and Coingeek’s Calvin Ayre, have stated the next day, Nov. 16, that the hash war is not over.

“In our hash competition, we have seen the ABC team bring on their strongest sprinters,” explained Wright on Twitter on Nov. 16. “We are just at the trials and not yet on the finals to Marathon and they have made a remarkable burst to do a 9.9 second 100m (unfortunately in the wrong direction).” the Nchain executive adds.

Hash Wars: Day Two and the Anticipation for BCH Trading Platforms to Reopen
At the time of publication, the ABC chain has been roughly 30 or more blocks ahead of the SV chain.

Many SV supporters still believe Wright will continue to wage war and this can be seen across social media and cryptocurrency-centric forums. Coingeek’s Calvin Ayre agreed with Wright’s words and issued a similar statement during the early morning hours on Friday.

“The BCH hash war will not be decided in 1 or 2 days, but over many days and possibly weeks by on-going miner votes with sustained Proof of Work — Until a dominant chain emerges, cryptocurrency exchanges, wallet and service providers are advised to remain neutral, and to run a Bitcoin SV node to be prepared for the best interests of users,” Ayre detailed.

Hash Wars: Day Two and the Anticipation for BCH Trading Platforms to Reopen
The two networks’ hashrates as of 11:00 a.m. EST on Nov. 16, 2018. Orange (ABC) and Red (SV). 

The Wait for Service Providers to Assess the Situation

On the other hand, the further the ABC chain gets and the more proof-of-work is accumulated, ABC supporters seem confident that victory is very close. Many BCH proponents are now waiting for infrastructure providers to explain how they will list the newly forked chains. ABC backers believe that a large portion of wallet services, exchanges, and payment services will side with ABC. This belief is due to the overwhelming amount of company support garnered when infrastructure providers published contingency plans with most supporting the ABC roadmap. However, it seems BCH service providers are still assessing the situation and may not publicly announce plans until more time has passed.

Hash Wars: Day Two and the Anticipation for BCH Trading Platforms to Reopen
Many BCH proponents shared their views on Twitter on Nov. 16, 2018.

Further, the research team from Bitmex has been monitoring the situation with the organization’s recently published tool. Bitmex Research detailed to its Twitter followers on Nov. 16 that SV miners are losing a ton of money and estimated that they will lose $280,000 a day if they continue. Further, this estimate is calculated with the ability to sell SV coins at a spot price of $100, but the ability to sell these coins is pretty much non-existent.

Hash Wars: Day Two and the Anticipation for BCH Trading Platforms to Reopen
Cryptocurrency luminaries show they are curious to when the SV side of the chain releases a block explorer.

ABC proponents were quite pleased with the outcome so far and the forum r/btc is filled with supporters showing enthusiasm. The Bitcoin Cash developer Shammah Chancellor (Micropresident) was very thankful and expressed his gratitude on Twitter.

“Big thanks to Roger Ver,, all the p2pool miners,, Antpool, and everyone else who is supporting the BCH chain with their hash — Continuing to work towards bringing peer-to-peer cash to the world,” the developer explained.

Hash Wars: Day Two and the Anticipation for BCH Trading Platforms to Reopen
Lots of BCH supporters have expressed that the war was not good for the Bitcoin Cash ecosystem in general.

However, even though many were celebrating yesterday’s battle, many BCH supporters had shown distaste for the entire situation. Bitcoin Cash and XT lead developer Tom Harding explained that the split has caused some damage. “Bitcoin Cash has splintered its network effect, pushed the overall price below $400, and wasted a lot of energy,” Harding stated. BCH developer Jonathan Toomin responded to Harding’s tweet and agreed with the XT developer.  “Unfortunately, you are totally right,” said Toomin.

What did you think about the first day of the hash war? Do you think it is over and there is a victor? Or do you think the hash war will continue? Let us know in the comments section below.

Images via Shutterstock, Pixabay, Coin Dance cash, Twitter, and

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Ethereum (ETH) Price Analysis – November 16


Ethereum (ETH) Price Analysis – November 16


Ethereum, ETHUSD, CryptoCompare chartEthereum Chart By Trading View

ETHUSD Medium-term Trend: Bearish

Resistance Levels: $230, $235, $240

Support Levels: $180, $160, $140

The ETHUSD pair is on a downward trend. The price of Ethereum broke the 12-day EMA and the 26-day EMA and fell to the previous low of September 12. On September 12, the cryptocurrency broke the 12-day EMA and fell to the low of $183.17 in a bearish trend. That bearish trend was interrupted by a Hammer candlestick. The bullish trend of September 13 reached the high of $247.80.

Today, the price of Ethereum may respect that historical price level. In another words, $180 price level may likely hold. If this level holds, traders should initiate long trades in anticipation of a bullish trend.

ETHUSD Short-term Trend: Bearish      

Ethereum, ETHUSD, CryptoCompare chartEthereum Chart By Trading View

On the short-term trend, the price of Ethereum is in a bearish trend. The cryptocurrency fell to the low of $180 and commenced a range bound movement. The Stochastic indicator is above and below the range of  20 for a possible trend change. Meanwhile, the crypto’s price is below the 12-day EMA and 26-day EMA which indicates that price is in the bearish trend zone.


The views and opinions expressed here do not reflect that of and do not constitute financial advice. Always do your own research.

Local Sources: Binance Advises Iranian Crypto Traders to Withdraw Funds From its Exchange


Local Sources: Binance Advises Iranian Crypto Traders to Withdraw Funds From its Exchange


Malta-based digital asset trading platform, Binance, has advised crypto traders in Iran to withdraw their funds from its exchange – as it is planning to comply with US-led international sanctions against the state.

An email sent from Binance’s support team to an Iranian citizen advised: “If you have an account with Binance and fall into that [sanctions] category, please withdraw your assets from Binance as soon as possible.”

Sepehr Mohamadi, the head of Iran’s Blockchain Association, said there have been many incoming emails in recent months that have requested local crypto traders to withdraw their funds from international digital currency exchanges.

Binance To Comply With International Sanctions

In order to remain compliant with internationally imposed sanctions, Binance had specifically been moving toward closing down accounts which had been verified using Iranian passports.

Binance has also started to tell its account holders who are linked to Iranian IP addresses to start withdrawing funds from its exchange.

Nima Dehqan, a Tehran-based blockchain researcher, told CoinDesk that “Iranians are not really able to trust cryptocurrency exchanges. That isn’t really something new.”

BitMEX, Bittrex Ban Iranian Traders

Notably, Seychelles-registered and Hong Kong-operated crypto derivatives trading platform, BitMEX, and US-based exchange, Bittrex, have also banned Iranian citizens from their platforms.

There have also been reports of some exchanges not refunding user assets, after their account had been closed.

John Collins, partner at Washington-based consulting firm, FS Vector, and former head of policy at Coinbase, said: 

It would be difficult [for the exchanges] to serve users in these jurisdictions if they want to serve American citizens. It’s logical to say that many companies are looking to the States right now and adapting to the U.S. regulation.

Close-Knit Local Community To Help Crypto Traders

In order to help local traders deal in digital currencies, Dehqan has been contributing to various support groups. He explained:

We do actually have cryptocurrency groups in Telegram or WhatsApp for people who want to change their cryptocurrencies in person. People have to trust each other. It’s a bit of closer-knit community in Iran.

Dehqan believes that Binance’s decision to not serve Iranian citizens will not adversely affect the nation’s crypto economy. He revealed that most Iranians are involved in mining digital currencies, and “hodling” them for long-term gain, or to hedge against the high-rate of inflation in the country.

As CryptoGlobe reported, Iran’s government is moving forward with its plans to launch a national cryptocurrency. This, despite the severe restrictions placed on the country due to crippling US-led economic and political sanctions.

McAfee Labs Report: Crypto-Jacking Malware Mining Several Coins on Host System Detected

A report submitted by McAfee researchers on November 12, 2018, claims that a new crypto mining malware capable of mining different cryptocurrencies depending on the host’s system is on the loose.

Russian Malware Attacks Global Networks

Crypto-jacking malware and its attack vectors are becoming more efficient by the day. A new Russian malware that mines different cryptocurrencies based on the host system is now affecting thousands of users. Researchers at the McAfee labs have recently found a new type of crypto-jacking malware which is capable of diverting computing power to mine either Monero or Zcash.

At this point, the researchers have been able to track the origins of the malware to Russia. They also noted that the infection seems to have a more severe impact across countries like Brazil, South Africa, and the US. The Russian-based malware named WebCobra attacks by installing different mining software depending on the host machine settings and hardware capabilities. With this, they can even choose the cryptocurrency they will be mining on the hijacked device.

According to the report released by McAfee labs the crypto-jacking trend is generating millions and will probably get even more efficient in the future:

“The increase in the value of cryptocurrencies has inspired cybercriminals to employ malware that steals machine resources to mine crypto-coins without the victims’ consent. Coin mining malware will continue to evolve as cybercriminals take advantage of this relatively easy path to stealing value.”

How Does the Malware Attack?

According to researchers, a new malware injection technique was discovered which was set on a malicious file containing the mining malware as a file included on legitimate Windows installer files.

After a close analysis, the researchers noticed the attacker’s method lies on the distribution of the malicious software through an infected Microsoft installer package. The attack is very well orchestrated as the Windows installer package was programmed to install Cryptonight miners on x86 systems, and Claymore’s Zcash miner on x64 systems. This mining software is very effective as it is capable of mining all the Cryptonight algorithm cryptocurrencies.

There are several ways for you to check if you have been infected by crypto-jacking malware.

If your computer is running slower than usual and if it is using up almost all the processing power and is heating a lot, you can say for sure that you are infected. If this happens, you need to re-install the operating system. To avoid this, the best way to protect yourself is to prevent downloads from unknown sources and avoid shady sites.

BCH Tussle: Bitcoin ABC May Reign Supreme over Craig Wright’s “Satoshi Vision”

To the chagrin of Craig Wright and his camp, it has become increasingly apparent that Jihan Wu, Roger Ver, and their compatriots at Bitcoin ABC have taken a leading position in the Bitcoin Cash “Civil War.” So, after weeks, if not months of trash talking, crypto’s most recent shouting match has begun to come to a screeching halt.

Bitcoin ABC Leaves SV in the Dust

After months of anticipation, crypto investors woke up giddy on Thursday morning, as the scheduled Bitcoin Cash hard fork remained at the forefront of this industry’s mind. In the hours preceding the network upgrade, banter regarding Bitcoin Cash’s proposed future began to ramp up, with everyone and their mother quipping about this conflict.

Related Reading: BCH Fight: Bitcoin Cash Bashing Heats Up, Rivals Duke It Out Ahead of Hard Fork

Craig Wright, dubbed “Faketoshi,” issued the following message on Twitter just hours before the fork, furthering his sentiment that his enemies, which comprise of Bitmain,, and other industry hotshots, are “scammers” and nonsensical.

But, as the upgrade neared, it became clear that something was amok, as rumors arose that Bitmain-backed miners, who are in cahoots with Bitcoin ABC (ABC) were poised to meet this fork head-on. And, of course, these rumors materialized into reality as ABC quickly overtook Craig Wright’s “Satoshi Vision (SV)” following the upgrade, which activated during Bitcoin Cash’s 556767th block.

Within minutes, even though Bitcoin ABC suffered a suspected spam attack, Roger Ver’s client of choice left SV in the dust due to the influx of hashrate that ABC experienced.

Related Reading: Bitcoin Cash War Begins: Hash Power of BCH Increasing Rapidly

Just 40 minutes after activation and the subsequent hard fork, Joseph Young, a well-regarded crypto journalist, explained that “[it] seems like a win for BCH,” adding that “[there’s] certainly not enough for a 51% attack on BCH… SV nodes reportedly crashing.”

While SV supporters held tight to their liferaft, ABC supporters celebrated, with Vitalik Buterin, co-founder of the Ethereum Project, even joining a livestream of the event to congratulate Roger Ver and his peers. Speaking to a handful of prominent Bitcoin Cash community members, Buterin noted:

“I’m at this economics conference, but I just wanted to congratulate everyone on this hard fork… I do think that there is real value is kind-of letting nodes have some say.”

Although Buterin’s cry of victory might have been premature in the eyes of Craig Wright, SV continued to struggle and falter, as the forked network’s hashrate dwindled and block times stuttered.

As simply put by Emin Gün Sirer, a Bitcoin-friendly Cornell professor, “Risk. Finance.” Sirer later doubled-down on his advocacy for ABC, explaining that SV was flawed from the get-go. He elaborated:

“This point is at the heart of the main lesson from the BCH hashwar. One cannot assemble a good team just with money. To attract top notch talent, you need a strong, scientifically valid vision and novel, exciting tech, among other things. BSV has none of these.”

Now, over 12 hours after upgrade’s activation, Bitcoin ABC has pulled 48 blocks ahead of its primary competitor, with some pointing out that this is likely to be the nail in the coffin for Satoshi’s Vision.

Nail in the Coffin… Or Just a Ploy?

While this lead is undoubtedly convincing, some are skeptical about ABC’s victory. WhalePanda, a diehard Bitcoin maximalist, recently took to Twitter to explain that ABC’s hashrate victory was catalyzed by Jihan Wu’s involvement in this debacle.

Panda also divulged that checkpoints have been installed in ABC to mitigate the risk of 51% attacks, subsequently calling the “valid chain” centralized.

Francois Pouliot, a Canadian Bitcoin savant, also commented on the fact that this battle could be far from over. Pouliot, adding to the crockpot of rumors surrounding the event, noted that SV “may be pulling off a massive reorganization of ABC.”

While he chalked up his claims to a mysterious 1.1M BCH transaction, lack of hashrate on Bitcoin, along with “numbers not adding up,” critics have noted that the reorganization call is unsubstantiated.

Regardless, as a result of the continued confusion around the “true winner” of this fork, BCH has continued to capitulate, indicating that this multi-month conflict instilled more fear than faith in crypto investors at large.

Featured image from Shutterstock.

“Wall Street’s Bookkeeper” Enters Test Phase of DLT Replatforming Along With 15 Major Banks

On Nov. 6, the post-trade market infrastructure behemoth, the Depository Trust & Clearing Corporation (DTCC), announced that it is entering the test phase of its attempt to replatform its Trade Information Warehouse (TIW) via the use of distributed ledger technology (DLT).

DTCC enters active trial phase for TIW replatforming

The move to a blockchain platform comes at a time when many financial institutions are trialling the technology. In early November, Morgan Stanley released a report updating its clients about Bitcoin and blockchain, documenting several industry giants who have either already implemented blockchain or are in the process of trialling it. The report named ING Bank, Morgan Stanley, JPMorgan, and several other as being in the various stages of trials.

The DTCC’s attempt to shift its TIW to the blockchain is an ambitious project due to the fact that it accounts for 98 percent of derivatives transactions worldwide. In the statement, the DTCC sheds light on the scale of their current operations, stating that the DTCC’s subsidiaries “processed securities transactions valued at more than U.S. $1.61 quadrillion.” The DTCC valued its current current custodian and asset servicing solutions used in 131 countries and territories at U.S. for $57.4 trillion. Furthermore, the release stated that the DTCC’s Global Trade Repository service processes around 40 million open over-the-counter (OTC) positions weekly, along with 1 billion communications monthly, through its licensed trade repositories group.

According to the press release published on Nov. 6, the DTCC is working alongside 15 of the world’s leading banks to test the DLT based replatforming of the warehouse.The press release only names the U.K.-based Barclays bank as participating in the 2018 test, leaving the remaining 14 anonymous. JPMorgan, Credit Suisse, Citi, and Bank of America were participant banks in the DTCC’s 2016 proof-of-concept (PoC), however, it is not at this point known if any are still involved in the ongoing project.

Lee Braine, of the Chief Technology Office at Barclays, explained the aims of the project in the DTCC’s press release:

“We are pleased to be working with DTCC, our partners and colleagues on this exciting project to bring distributed ledger technology to life in a demonstrable way that will enhance efficiencies and lower costs and risks for the industry.”

The press release also reveals details about the nature of the trials underway. The replatforming will involve simulated cases of interactions between systems and platforms from other infrastructure providers. It also states that the platform will be tested against MarkitServ’s new credit platform “TradeServ.”

Who is involved?

The DTCC’s press release also sheds some light on the parties involved and indicates that the project is comprised of a consortium of IBM, Axoni, and R3. The consortium has reportedly “recorded the functionality” of the warehouse through DLT and cloud-based platforms over the last 18 months.

Having been involved in the implementation of the technology in food supply chains and agriculture, and working to unify several blockchains via the hyperledger, IBM is already an established blockchain player. The tech giant is reportedly playing an important role in the project, providing “program management, DLT expertise, and integration services.”

Axoni is also involved in a blockchain start-up. In August, it raised $32 million in a series B funding round led by Goldman Sachs and Nyca Partners, with high-profile investors such as Wells Fargo, JPMorgan, Citigroup, and Andreessen Horowitz. This latest round of investment brings Axoni’s total financing to $55 million at press time and is illustrative of the new institutional investment in both blockchain and the cryptocurrency sectors.

Greg Schvey, one of Axoni’s co-founders, elaborated on how the funding is more than just an important financial shot in the arm, but also indicative of a “deep strategic” alliance with many of the world’s major financial institutions who are actively implementing and innovating DLT themselves. As per the press release, Axoni is providing the digital ledger infrastructure and smart contract applications constructed on the Axway protocol.

R3 is an enterprise software firm comprising of over 200 members. The firm focuses on distributed database technology. The prime focus of the consortium is to develop Corda, an open-source platform designed to operate complex transactions and restrict access to transaction data in finance. The firm is acting as the solution advisor for the project.

The project began in 2016

The DTCC has been working on how to implement DLT for several years and, consequently,  the origins of this particular DLT project are found in early 2016. As previously reported by Cointelegraph, the DTCC launched a proof-of-concept along with several high-profile financial institutions such as JPMorgan and Bank of America to demonstrate that complex post-trade events could effectively be managed via DLT in a peer-to-peer network.

The DTCC published a press release documenting the timeline of the project in 2018.

DTCCMost recently, a 19-week study led by the DTCC in collaboration with both Accenture and R3, reportedly found that DLT is scalable enough to support the high daily trade volumes of the U.S. equity market. The report claims that DLT is able to process an entire trading day’s volume at peak rates which can amount to 115,000,000 daily trades, equating to roughly 6,300 trades per second for five hours on end.

During the study, Accenture worked on the construction of a network of more than 170 nodes in order to create a realistic model of the chaotic environment of exchanges, broker-dealers, and market participants. The model then captured matched equities trades from exchange DLT nodes. Throughout the project, the DTCC acted as the central counterparty (CCP) to ensure that anonymity was upheld on the ledger.

Managing director and chief technology architect at the DTCC, Rob Palatnick, provided an update regarding the progression of the DLT replatforming:

“We finished coding the TIW. We’re just working through the typical defect list and trying to start user acceptance testing this fall.”

Palatnick also commented on other aspects of the trial that the DTCC is tackling, such as the transferral of completed contracts:

“I think there is roughly 15 to 20 million of them. A lot of them are old contracts, so they do not necessarily abide by smart contract validation rules. Figuring out the right way to get them into the ledger and have them there on day one has been one of our more interesting works in progress.”

Palatnick also noted how the TIW required more than populating distributed ledgers:

“Generally, distributed ledger technology is not a reporting technology. Reporting and analytics are not easy on most DLT core platforms, so you need some kind of accommodation to support that.”

The DTCC also published information about the ongoing work to transform its TIW via DLT technology, such as blockchain:

“Currently, public blockchains supporting crypto-currencies operate at single or double digit per second performance, which until now was the only indication of the potential volume that a private DLT might be able to support.

“To make sure that we really demonstrated robustness and completeness, we wanted a target high enough to measure the performance and allow it to maintain that for a continuous period of time.”

With regard to the issue of scalability, Jennifer Peve, managing director of business development and fintech strategy at the DTCC outlined to Forbes that the project required venturing into uncharted territory:

“The reality is that for the private distributed ledger, there wasn’t a known performance or scalability figure, all we had to go on was public blockchains for Bitcoin performance, and that is not an apple to apple comparison. Private blockchains are fit for purpose for our industry. They have very different architecture, different privacy and sharing models, data storage, smart contract functionality, and governance model. There are a number of factors that go into performance and scalability of a distributed ledger.”

Peve went on to state that the increased scalability rate was beyond initial expectations and helped build confidence in DLT.

Murray Pozmanter, head of clearing agency services at the DTCC was also bullish on DLT and the potential benefits for the infrastructure that it could bring:

“We are excited to lead this important work to advance the performance capabilities of DLT and help create new possibilities for leveraging the technology more broadly across financial markets. As an early adopter of DLT, we are encouraged by the results of the study because they prove that the technology’s performance can scale to meet the needs of markets of different sizes and maturity.”

In spite of an outpouring of positivity from all parties involved in the platform upgrade and the DLT tests, it’s important to note that the DTCC said the study only tested basic functionality. The infrastructure giant also added that future testing must be carried out in order to establish whether DLT is able to meet all security and operational requirements as well as comply with necessary regulatory requirements.

DLT technology faces stumbling blocks and industry hesitancy

On Oct. 16, a report compiled by consulting and technology services provider Capgemini, along with the French bank BNP Paribas, purportedly revealed findings showing that DLT is not yet able to meet financial market demands. The report was compiled using multiple criteria such as industry governance, infrastructure and demographics and made use of interview material with company executives.

The report shows that 85.9 percent of participants felt that a lack of interoperability was a significant barrier to progress, whereas 83.1 percent voiced concern over the muddled regulatory environment, one of the most consistent stumbling blocks for both blockchain and crypto projects irrespective of size or financial backing. A further 77.8 percent cited scalability as an issue. More than 60 percent of participants said that security, cost, and time-efficiency constituted problems.

A problem highlighted in the report is the uncertain and inconsistent state of regulation in most countries. There is no existing uniform legal framework for regulating DLT and, consequently, the report highlights this as a major impediment to any future development.

Is there enough blockchain?

The October report is not the first time that DLT projects have faced opposition. In March, Reuters reported on how, in spite of bullish advocacy, the DTCC had not done much with blockchain technology.

The article reveals that a previous DLT-based project initiated by the DTCC was not carried out in its entirety. An attempt to transfer a system for clearing and settlement of repurchase agreement transactions was shelved after its initially successful testing due to the fact that the trial showed current technology could achieve the same results more affordably. The trial was subsequently described as “a solution in search of a problem” by the DTCC’s head of clearing agency service, Murray Pozmanter.

Tim Swanson, founder of technology advisory Post Oak Labs, commented on how the DTCC’s ill-fated project was part of a series of hotly-touted proofs-of-concepts that failed to deliver the goods:

“A large part of the problem has been expectation management, or rather lack thereof by many vendors and large consultancies that made claims that could not be fulfilled in the time spans they had said on stage at fintech events.”

In spite of this setback, the next phase of DTCC’s TIW replatforming is expected to be rolled out in Q1 2019. Currently, the Australia Securities Exchange is the sole stock exchange to have shifted its market infrastructure to blockchain. Alongside the recent institutional investment trend for Bitcoin and trials being carried out by major financial financial institutions to implement blockchain, the results of the transformation of “Wall Street’s bookkeeper” will be closely watched. If all obstacles are overcome and the project is indeed capable of processing the enormous daily volume of the U.S. equities market, then it could well become the litmus test for other ambitious projects seeking to push for further adoption by the financial mainstream.















ChinaRen 2000年被搜狐收购后,陈一舟任SOHU副总裁;2002年创办千橡互动集团出任董事长兼CEO;




就在前天,一则人人网被低价卖身的新闻,把一舟再次推到聚光灯前。曾经拥有近百亿美金市值的人人网,被6000万美元对价卖掉,引发了80、90后集体对对青春、对web 2.0时代的追忆。有人说,这几年来一直在追赶各种风口的一舟,早已忘掉做SNS社区的初衷,也根本不在乎人人网了。作为同为多年的创业者,也是彼此心照不宣的老朋友,创业之各种滋味我都特别理解。














陈一舟:我们的考虑很简单:做事要有始有终,槟榔业务搞的不好,不能全怪客户口味变,自己也有问题。但是,我们也发现了自己新的烟草业务,所以不可能专心种槟榔了,不如把这个业务交给更合适的团队来经营。对我们来说,槟榔是一种结束,对多牛来说,这是一个重新的开始。每一个商业的种子,对不同的企业价值不一样。 有些人就是能够把一个看似平淡的业务搞的有声有色,这是一个很有意思的现象。 多牛就是这么一个有意思的公司。


陈一舟:人生最痛苦的事情之一可能就是要重新学新的谋生手艺,累啊! 搞了20年的社交,确实怀念:怀念那些人和事,曾经的同事和曾经的事。互联网社区其实也是个精神产品,和办杂志一样,用户自己投稿。 这种属性导致用户对这个资产的感情投入,特别是期望值,非常高,也是我最后不能承受之轻的一个重要原因。 这个包,老扛在肩上,太累。 部分用户并不领情,天天骂你,我虽然脸皮厚点,不会去和用户计较,但时间长了也疲倦了。 


关于转卖业务,你会发现对你情况了解的人多半会最积极,也最有可能获得这个机会。 当然,我离王乐他们近,对产品情况了解,在转型过程中能够更好的帮助他们,这也是王乐和碟子看中的。 他们不主动找我帮忙,我不会主动去掺乎,完全放手,这件事只有完全放手别人才有空间。


王峰:第二问,知乎上有个段子,一个疑似人人员工的答主,在帖子中提到“我当时在用手机玩小鳄鱼洗澡,碰巧在电梯被Joe遇见,Joe问,这是什么游戏?说话间鳄鱼就被游戏中的硫酸烧死了。Joe结语: 要是把鳄鱼换成企鹅就好玩了。”哈哈哈——你有那么恨人家企鹅吗?今天人人网输给腾讯是不争的事实了,你觉得是腾讯打败了人人网,还是人人网自己打败了自己?

陈一舟:又在玩我…曾经对腾讯很害怕很害怕很害怕,后来发现还是跑不掉跑不掉跑不掉….  现在我对商业世界中的巨大的物种都是非常小心的,对于他们喜欢去喝水吃草的地方躲得远远的。 



陈一舟:猫扑上有个梗,叫一百遍啊一百遍.. 谁还记得?打你一百遍啊一百遍!这么严肃的问题我来严肃的回答一下…

移动时代我们不是最敏感,比如显然没有腾讯和小米那么敏感。 但事实是,我09年就想到做手机,还和孙正义开了好几次会(那时他也在亲自操刀做一款手机),10年建立了近千人的移动团队,做类似微信的产品叫私信,包括国外的几款社交产品, 后来像你说的,什么都没捞着,原因很多。 

首先,我们没有太多做客户端经验历史上都是做页面产品的,团队没啥经验。等坑都填过了,又缺乏网络层的基础设施积累,比如当时几大运营商的互联互通要自己搭很多机房,做通讯产品必须要有很低的延迟,腾讯做了几十年的通讯,这些坑早填平了,我们再去填的时候无法在短期内提供低延迟的通讯体验。 这也是很多其它同一时间做通讯的公司的一个共同失败原因。 当时好几家和微信同时期都载在各种和通讯有关的坑上,当然,微信之前腾讯做通讯做了十几年,网络,客户端。 中国的网络条件不行,几个运营商之间互通互联不好,当时要提高快速服务必须自己去搭机房。

我再说最主要的原因,有一个本质上的原因, 网络效应。 按雪球方三文的说法,他写了一本书,2014年出的,叫《老二非死不可》,后来我们去投雪球,也是因为发现他是个明白人,虽然这个真理很刺耳,但是再难听的真理只要是真理就好好听着呗。 

网络效应是互联网企业和其它行业最大的一个区别,是一个独特的只有互联网才有的竞争壁垒,这导致只要有网络效应的互联网业务类型,演化到最后都会只剩下一个最大的,占到整个行业90%以上的价值的大家伙。 这就是为什么,只有一个淘宝,一个腾讯,但是有除了百度还有好几家搜索引擎活着。从网络效应来看,腾讯是N x N 的通讯网络,网络效应最强; 淘宝是M x N 的市场网络,效应也很强。而搜索基本上是 1 x N 的网络,相对NxN更弱,但比起其它搜索,特别对比传统行业还是有很大优势,所以百度也挺值钱。 这点我以前经常说,但真正懂的人不多。 反正大家应该可以去看看方丈的那本书。


回到刚才的问题。我2011年微信刚出来就非常焦虑了。后来我们加码移动,搞了一两年啥都没搞出来。看到方三文那本书,我只瞄了一眼,根本没看过,就知道和腾讯打没戏了。 我们上市的时候用户数是腾讯QQ的1/10, 推出微信以后把地址簿激活了,以前不活跃的QQ老用户也激活了,QQ截流了我们未来的新用户,微信切去了我们刚毕业的大学生用户。 槟榔铺子的边上,一边开了个卖口香糖的,一边开了个卖烟草的,都是免费,铺面还比你大100倍,满足的都是同一个需求,这槟榔生意怎么做?


王峰:第三问, 移动互联网兴起的最初几年,有一个理论叫“船票理论”,各家公司都在盘算自己手中有无船票,该有几张船票。移动社交热点被微博和微信陆续踩准之后,人人网很快被挤下船,为此,你找过很多热点来突破,O2O(糯米)、游戏(人人游戏)、互联网金融(人人分期、人人理财)、直播(人人直播)、二手车(开心二手车)、区块链(人人坊),老实说,该折腾的领域,你都折腾了一遍,咱们事后盘点,你觉得在以上这七、八条新赛道中,哪个领域你做的算是赢了?



陈一舟:自我评价一下,感觉我的管理能力和智商在同等规模的互联网CEO里面估计中等或者偏下一定,但很多人不知道的是,我的努力程度自我估计在头10%。 是这样,方三文说“老二非死不可“,他并没有说一个勤奋加管理非常牛掰的老二就会不死,他的说法应该是还是会死,只是死的慢点。 我们拖到现在才卖,是不是反而说明我们太努力了?换别人早死了? 说不准,你说呢?逻辑上应该是这样吧?




我们在2011年末的时候发现微信追不上的时候,准备买Talkbox, 因为盛大先投了,很纠结没谈拢。2012/13年我们甚至准备投SnapChat和Whatsapp, 你相信吗?每个公司有自己的能力圈,但这个原因还是网络效应。千万不要忘记网络效应。移动即时通讯的机会我们看的非常早而且非常清晰,就是抓不住,这不是我们的菜,我们在这个里面的道行还不够深。


陈一舟:CEO最重要的任务,是给公司找到合适自己,合适团队做的,在能力圈内的事。世界上绝大部分的事,没有足够的竞争壁垒,支持不了信长的野望。如果CEO的目标是搞个大公司,还要求能长治久安,那就要运气足够好能找到这件事。有时候找到了一件很牛的事,但它不是你的菜,比如我们碰到移动通讯,那就不是我们的菜。 米聊,易信,来往,它们的东家个个比我们牛,不也没成吗?通讯就是腾讯的菜,谁也别想碰。不一定找最弱的,因为赢了它也捞不到太多钱。要找体量大但身体虚弱的行业和对手。

那为什么没有什么人对他们说三道四?成者为王败者为寇。人家是有牛掰的主业顺便做个东西给腾讯添个乱,成不成无所谓。而通讯是我们的主赛道,输了挨骂很正常。不过,下次有人再骂的时候,请思考一下,通讯这件事,雷军丁磊和马云他们都看到了,也做了,但都没做过马化腾。 从结果上看,逻辑推理得出的结论也只能证明陈一舟做通讯并不比马云丁磊雷军强,你甚至都不能证明我比他们做通讯弱,因为他们也没做成颠覆微信的产品,他们的资源还比我多,只能说明大家在通讯上都是腾讯的败将,败将之间无法排序。 

如果有人骂我通讯没做好是不务正业不懂管理呀这些破原因,请这位仁兄去找一个不搞投资,只务正业,管理一流,比雷军丁磊马云更强的人来,好不?找到了,全国人民都同意了,我就把人人再买回来,把你和你找到的高手一起坐我高价租来的时间机器回到2011,让高手来当CEO,你当伯乐,你们一起做人人通讯去和腾讯打仗玩吧。 这个科幻估计方丈一听可能会笑醒:天机不可泄露,老二非死不可。


王峰: 第四问,你这次卖了人人网之后,有很多媒体又把你创业的故事搬了出来,以满足看客们的窥视欲,比如,我看到有人把你之前和张朝阳、王兴、雷军等人的故事搬出来,也有人在扒你和刘韧、程炳皓的故事。很多人方才意识到,你才是一个真正有故事的互联网创业老兵,经历的千回百转,简直可以拍部电影了。哈哈,张朝阳也算是你的前老板了,数度脱离业务,可他现在依然在跑步、搞直播,奋战在第一线。你怎么看待今天的张朝阳?






最近几年和王兴经常混在一起,发现他喜欢看书和问好问题,远远超过我认识的很多其它CEO, 这很难得。你看我周围净是些厉害的人物,雷军周鸿祎这还只是我这辈的。有次在一个CEO学习班上,一起的有王兴、周亚辉、王小川。那天搜狗准备上市的消息出来了,我们都在祝贺小川,大家突然发现我和这几个人的关系很大:他们都曾帮我做过事,现在都管着比我更大的盘子,现在是同学,讨论各种好玩的问题。我觉得机缘很神奇,真心为他们高兴,也以和他们继续为伍感到荣幸。老兵要多和牛逼的新兵混,这样廉颇老矣,善能吃口剩饭。 


陈一舟:你是哪壶不开提哪壶啊!一个可以证明的事实是,开心网是QQ农场阻击成功的。QQ农场把人人开放平台上开心农场原代码买过去,自己运营,把Qzone用户大部分导过去了。 你可以看到当时的Alexa曲线,QQ农场推出以后,Qzone增长迅猛,而人人(当时还叫校内)和开心网增长曲线马上平下来了。农场偷菜是中国互联网的一个首创,也是各国社交网络崛起的重要原因。但是你看发明偷菜的上海五分钟公司好像也没了。商业竞争是残酷的,当然程炳皓会恨我。将心比心,如果换我,我也会恨他。






那好,会投资是不是缺点?对股东来说,是不是全心打仗把钱烧光更光荣?一个本来非死不可的老二赖着活下来了,应该做如何评价? 是不是一个不合格的老二?还是一个未来可能的老大?我觉得,腰上别着足够的子弹先活着,比打仗打到死重要,特别是要避免知道一定有一死的战斗。


人人最火的时候我们有几千万的学生用户,天天在人人上偷菜,他们中的不少人,直到现在,还认为自己这波人就是中国互联网的所有人群。 他们不知道,在他们在课余偷菜的时候,有人数十倍于他们的大妈和大爷,叔叔和婶婶,小弟小妹,民工和公务员,也在QQ农场上更加忘情的偷菜,甚至深更半夜起来偷。 QQ的网络效应是10X10相当于人人网的100倍。 这些学生毕业以后,要找工作,要拓展业务,大学同学不那么重要了,都跑微信上去了,不嚼槟榔去吸烟草去了,卖槟榔的小商贩只能表示无能为力。谁想让一个小十倍的通讯网络去打败一个大十倍的通讯网络,请自己众筹1000亿大洋,另请高明,哥不干了好吗?




陈一舟:当时对区块链感兴趣,是因为我们海外业务Trucker Path当时确实在考虑这件事情。 而人人网和区块链的想法,我们仅仅只是动了一个念头,连脚趾头都没动。但是当时区块链的热潮你也知道,一家还像点样的互联网公司就是放个屁,这个屁闻着也会像区块链,然后各种神奇的事情就自然发生了。 

王峰:是否还继续看好区块链?前段时间,你20年前的创业伙伴杨宁,也成了区块链圈的热点,年初时,他高调进入区块链,言之All In,做了CDC项目,年底未到,又高调退出,引发币圈一片哗然。杨说“互联网人进币圈,弄不过小年轻,被割了”。但是,币圈却群起而攻之,“他割了最后一波DCC持有者离场,还往别人身上泼脏水”。这个时候,你是不是会感到比较庆幸最初没有发币?




有些区块链应用是有一定道理的,比如说每个单子比较大(单子太小记账成本不合算)的交通物流平台,像我们旗下的Trucker Path,但我们没搞。上市公司,监管严格,还是落在人后,等规则出来再说吧。  



陈一舟:国外的观念确实新,但是过去20年来,中美之间的观念差已经几乎没有了。周鸿祎这么说可能是因为我在360上市以后股票最低迷的时候投了他的二级市场,赚了钱。 其实他比我努力,也比我聪明。 雷军是我的榜样,我刚回国搞互联网的时候就去拜他的山头,他比我牛多了。 搞ChinaRen我入网早,他就和我讨论互联网,后来去做了卓越,也找到了网感。 我最佩服他的是金山上市之后从金山跳出来,先做了两年天使投资,找准了赛道自己跳进去搞了小米。 这个操作太牛掰了。 首先从金山的毅然跳出,不是每个创始人有这种勇气的。 这个动作决定了后来的一切。其实王峰你从上市公司跳出来,是不是也是all-in?


陈一舟:倒!有这事!结论就是,如果一个老业务没有那么激动人心,就跳出来。 老的不去,新的不来!










为什么是人工智能,我是这么看的。 人类历史上有三次技术革命:第一次是农业技术革命,解决了人口增长问题,每平方耕地面积所能养活的人变多了。人作为劳动力,主要有两个自带的生产工具:肌肉和大脑。第二次是几百年前的工业革命,让燃料驱动内燃机,取代和大幅放大了人的肌肉的力量,同时,改善了卫生和生活条件,人口加速爆炸。第三次,就是现在人工智能革命,是机器取代人脑。这个革命比工业革命产生的价值大的多,未来可能真会进入某种形式的共产主义,但这要靠人均拥有一百个机器人。人工智能的力量之大,大到我害怕。 

从某种意义来说,区块链也是一种宗教,只要大家都信了,就值钱了。 这下高兴了?AI不是宗教,是生产力。区块链是新时代的宗教,如果成功确实值钱。这么比喻吧,AI相当于当年的智能手机,国际行业市场相当于当年的中国消费者互联网,我想学雷军,他从金山跳出来,我把人人网托付给了两个经常化腐朽为神奇的能干小兄弟,我抽身出来去寻找我的小米,这么说懂了吧?  




陈一舟:行业市场发展没有消费者市场这么快,也不是赢者通吃的规律。后来者有机会,但机会和发展速度和微信,淘宝这样的产品是不可能同日而语的。最近,美国犹他州有家SaaS公司,做了7年卖了80亿美金。 我们的美国总部就在隔壁,离成功稍微近了一步。





陈一舟:消费互联网降低了新技术的成本,比如说苹果系列产品,刚出来很贵,企业基本用不起。 但随消费者的大量使用,把它的成本降下来了,同时培养了用户使用习惯,现在苹果产品在企业里开始大行其道。我觉得这是消费科技市场和行业科技市场之间最强的一种作用关系,这个关系基本以单向为主,作用力可分解为两个垂直方向:产品价格和用户使用习惯。钉钉就是一个例子:微信把用户使用习惯给培养出来,阿里巴巴把这用到了行业里,价格同样是微信打出来的免费模式。对于我这种以思考未来为乐趣的人,这些都不是问题… 


陈一舟:好吧你又给我上套…社交产品是荷尔蒙产品,当然要交给荷尔蒙含量高的年轻人。这是规律,不能违反,除非我愿意每天打雄性激素。这么说吧,你知道雷军从金山出来两年,我所知道,他投了两个好项目,一个是Ucweb,一个是YY.  人人公司现在折腾的这几件事,我不能保证每个都是YY,但可以保证,多半会出至少一个YY,没准还会两个。


每天工作5个小时,看三个小时书,和至少一个有趣的人聊天,学张朝阳锻炼身体(现在就开始),多走走天下(我现在走的其实已经很多),多陪陪老婆孩子(这方面要补),感觉应该不比传统的“王者归来”的体验差。自己亲自操刀做过各种业务,即使是失败的教训,也是不可能轻易学到的宝贵投资经验。反过来,投资的经验,对找到正确的风口应该帮助很大。如果我不会投资,我找到陈一舟牌小米的几率应该几乎为零。 如果我投资能力还行,这个几率应该要大N倍。


陈一舟:大部分都会在,只是价值会更加集中在头部。五年之后互联网前五名,这个比较难回答。按物理规律,网络效应大的分市场,通讯和电商,不会有大的改变,它们甚至会继续吸其它传统行业的市场,比如金融;网络效应小的分市场,才人会辈出,但应该很难超越腾讯和阿里:壁垒不高的东西不会长的太大。网络效应,网络效应,网络效应, 重要的事情说三遍!

能干苦活的公司,比如小米和美团, 干苦活也是一种壁垒,它们的商业模式也有一定的网络效应,周边的传统业态总体规模很大,会被它们吸进去,估计排名还会缓慢爬升至少不会降。当然,他们的友商都很厉害,都不含糊,这是他们永远不能放松的地方。

AI方面,个人感觉目前百度的能力储备应该最强(很多人不认同这点,见仁见智),他们应该做芯片。 所有的大家伙都会做芯片,搞云计算的大公司都会,云计算把IT价值链拍平了。但AI领域很大,新手和发展方向多如牛毛,VC资金漫天灰,会形成混战,万团大战。AI芯片的设计原理不难,就是个显卡(搞区块链同学很清楚),主要拼低能耗和速度。 带个私货,最近投了一个芯片设计软件公司,有超厉害的算法和电磁场计算原理为基础,能解决这些问题。子弹在人在,鸭子也跑不掉!

太阳系里有个地球,地球上有个雪球,学球上住在一个方丈,叫方三文,也叫“不明真相的群众”。几年前,他出了本书,叫“老二非死不可”。 这本书我没看,看了会桑心。 未来准备做社交或者通讯的同学,启动之前请仔细研读这本书,看完以后请方丈算一卦。 










Sunny King | Dawn Song | 朱嘉伟

  赵长鹏 | V神 | 吴忌寒 | 赵明 | 周鸿祎 

  罗永浩 | 老猫 | 蔡文胜 | 孙宇晨 | 郑刚

  赵东 | 蒋涛 | 陈榕 | 宝二爷 | 杨宁 | 朱啸虎

  李笑来 | 曾鸣 陈伟星 | 帅初 | 薛蛮子 



ECB Official Decries Bitcoin as ‘Evil Spawn’ of Financial Crisis, Ripple Consolidates Lawsuits

In recent regulatory news, an executive board member of the European Central Bank (ECB) has given a dismissive appraisal of bitcoin and rejected the prospect of central banks issuing state-backed digital currencies in the foreseeable future. In other news, Ripple Labs has moved to consolidate three lawsuits into a single federal suit, while the police have arrested eight individuals in Tokyo who are suspected of involvement in a $68.4 million cryptocurrency pyramid scheme.

Also Read: French Financial Regulator Estimates ICOs Have Raised $21.9B Globally

ECB Board Member Dismisses Prospect of
Central Bank-Issued Virtual Currencies

ECB Official Decries Bitcoin as 'Evil Spawn' of Financial Crisis, Ripple Consolidates LawsuitsBenoit Coeure, an executive board member of the ECB, has issued a critical appraisal of bitcoin and cryptocurrency in general. He described them as “the evil spawn of the financial crisis” in a recent speech at the Bank for International Settlements in Basel.

“Bitcoin was an extremely clever idea,” Coeure stated. “Sadly, not every clever idea is a good idea.”

Coeure was also dismissive of the prospect of central bank-issued virtual currencies becoming a reality within the next 10 years. “There is broad agreement that a central bank digital currency, in whatever form, is unlikely to be issued within the next decade,” he said.

Ripple to Take Lawsuits to Federal Court

ECB Official Decries Bitcoin as 'Evil Spawn' of Financial Crisis, Ripple Consolidates LawsuitsRipple Labs has moved to consolidate three ongoing class-action lawsuits the company faces into a single federal suit. Various lawyers have described the move as “slick” and exhibiting “tactical brilliance.”

The suits were filed by David Oconer, Vladi Zakinov and Avner Greenwald, who are collectively seeking more than $167 million in damages on behalf of “thousands” of investors. Ripple is seeking for the case to be heard at the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California. The combined number of plaintiffs involved in all of the cases exceeds 100.

Tokyo Police Arrest 8 Over
$68.4M Pyramid Scheme

ECB Official Decries Bitcoin as 'Evil Spawn' of Financial Crisis, Ripple Consolidates LawsuitsPolice in Tokyo have arrested eight men for their alleged involvement in a pyramid scheme that duped roughly 6,000 investors out of an estimated 7.8 billion yen ($68.4 million) worth of cryptocurrency. The individuals are suspected of violating Japan’s Financial Instruments and Exchange Act by failing to register their business operations with the relevant authorities.

Investors were recruited at events such as seminars, where they were promised monthly returns of between 3 percent and 20 percent. Six of the eight individuals who were arrested have reportedly confessed to the allegations made against them.

Last month, a group of 73 individuals who fell victim to the scheme filed a lawsuit with the Tokyo District Court. They are seeking 370 million yen ($3.276 million) in damages.

Do you think Ripple will be successful in consolidating the three lawsuits it faces into a single federal suit? Share your thoughts in the comments section below.

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