CENTRALITY联创Jerry Yuan:打造万马奔腾的区块链生态系统

“希望看到众多像非洲的斑马一样有活力的企业和项目,大家相互扶持,共同奔跑在广阔的大草原上。”

要点速览

1. 去中心化区块链技术可以像现在已有的中心化应用一样渗透到我们生活的方方面面。


2. 任何的公链就算性能再高,跨链能力再强,TPS指数破万,没有链上实际的价值交易,一切都是空谈。


3. 任何新生的技术或者产品,如果不能进行有效的用户转化,那注定会走向失败。


近日,受轮值群主蔡栋、陶欣之邀,CENTRALITY联合创始人&COOJerry Yuan做客「火星财经创始学习群」,做了主题为“打造万马奔腾的区块链生态系统”的分享。


Jerry表示,相对于目前的中心化应用,去中心化应用为用户带来了更多更实际的利益以及不可比拟的安全性和私密性。但在实际生活中,如何实现用户在不同DApp之间的跳转以及与众多DApp之间的联动呢?


Jerry认为,这需要一个平台方的出现来解决这个问题,CENNZ项目就是基于区块链,为开发者提供基础区块链网络以及基本的开发组件的平台。对比苹果的App Store,CENNZ正在打造的就是一个基于区块链的DApp Store。


以下为JerryYuan分享内容,由火星财经(ID:hxcj24h)整理:

未来的区块链世界


陶欣: 区块链是什么?区块链和我们的生活有什么关系?除了投资人,作为一般用户的我们能从区块链中得到利益吗?我们让JERRY先给大家展示一下未来的区块链世界是怎么样的。


JERRY:通过一个虚拟的事例为大家解答上面三个问题:


Lucy,一位生活在上海普通的职场女性,和我们不一样的是,区块链已经成为了她生活中的一部分。让我们跟随Lucy来体验一下融入了区块链的生活。


周日清晨6点,随着闹钟的响起,位于Lucy腕部的智能手表也完成了对于Lucy睡眠质量以及一些身体重要数据(例如,心率、血压等)的采集。在Lucy起身的同时,这些数据已经通过网络发送给了医生做进一步的分析,于此同时Lucy的区块链钱包里也获得了对于本次数据共享的奖励Token。


在Lucy洗漱的过程中,通过她的电动牙刷再次完成了一次关于刷牙时间和质量的数据共享,同样也获得了相应的奖励Token。


以上整个分享和获得奖励的过程在不影响用户体验的情况下由智能合约保障完成的。


作为女性的Lucy很重视自己的身材,在享用早餐的同时,Lucy利用智能合约保障的打车软件预约了一台去健身房的车。在等待车辆到达的时间里,她选择在手机上观看时下流行的网络视频。


10分钟以后车辆到达,Lucy关掉视频的同时她的区块链钱包里扣除了观看这十分钟视频所需要的Token,其中10%支付给了储存这部分视频的节点,剩下的90%直接支付到了视频创作者的区块链钱包。到达健身房Lucy使用自己的手机扫了健身房的二维码,本次健身的费用直接从她的区块链钱包里扣除了。


通过Lucy的例子我们来看开头我们提到的三个问题。


1.区块链是什么?我想给出的答案是:这个对于非从业人员来说并不重要。一个简单的例子,互联网是什么?它的工作原理是什么?现在无处不在的云又是怎么工作的?99.9%的人是给不出答案的,但这并不影响当下人们对这些技术的使用。作为专注于技术开发的从业者,我们要做的事情就是把技术无形的融入到人们的生活和生产中去。


2.区块链和我们的生活有什么关系?从事例中不难看出,去中心化区块链技术可以像现在已有的中心化应用一样渗透到我们生活的方方面面,不同的是为用户带来了更多更实际的利益以及不可比拟的安全性和私密性。

3.除了投资人,作为一般用户的我们能从区块链中得到任何的利益吗?答案是显而易见的,Lucy作为一个普通用户的代表,在她使用DApp的同时获得了由智能合约保障的Token奖励。在事例中她选择了把Token作为抵扣其他服务的费用的代币直接消费掉了,但在实际的场景中她还可以通过把所获得的Token在二级市场上进行销售来获利。



基于区块链的DApp Store


陶欣:Lucy的区块链生活是美好的,但在实际的生活中,我们怎样实现用户在不同DApps之间的跳转以及与众多DApps之间的联动呢?


JERRY: 这就需要一个平台方的出现来解决这个问题。这里我们分为两个部分来说明,一是从商家,也就是DApp的开发方,可以是个人开发者,也可以是企业;二是从用户的角度。


首先,从开发者角度来展开。Centrality成立于2016年,总部位于新西兰奥克兰,是一家全球设有8个办公室,雇员超过200人的全球化区块链公司,2018年1月完成了旗下CENNZ项目1亿美金的融资。CENNZ项目就是基于区块链,为开发者提供基础区块链网络以及基本的开发组件的平台。对比现在的苹果的App Store来说,我们在打造的就是一个基于区块链的DApp Store。


苹果为开发者提供了大量友善的基础开发模块,让开发者在Internet上面构建自己的应用,例如通讯模块iMassage SDK,存储模块iCloud SDK,支付模块ApplyPay SDK等等。为开发者提供了完备的基础开发模块,节省了开发者的时间成本和经济成本。


同样,为了应对可见的DApp开发风潮,我们构建了一个为DApp开发者提供服务的平台,其中包括区块链底层,模块及智能合约服务层。底层,我们提供了基于自有公链框架(PL^G)的网络 – CENNZnet。


PL^G是一套自有公链开发框架,PL^G在底层技术上解决了目前区块链性能和扩容上的缺陷,通过PL^G框架可以简易的部署权益证明(PoS)的区块链网络。CENNZnet在PL^G的基础上引入了跨链的概念,可以与所有图灵完备的其他公链互联互通,达到无需信任的资产转移。任何的公链就算性能再高,跨链能力再强,TPS指数破万,没有链上实际的价值交易,一切都是空谈。CENNZ生态从建立的第一天起就引入了企业在链上进行开发和交易。


陶欣:具体有哪些功能?


JERRY:模块及智能合约服务层,目前提供了6大功能:


1.SingleSource:去中心化单点登录SSO模块,基于区块链的权限控制以及授权。特点有:用户控制隐私数据,认证结果上链不可篡改,认证结果开放给所有DApp开发者。DApp可以通过SingleSource筛选区分符合KYC和AML的目标用户,按照DApp本身商业需求,对KYC的需求可以从低到高。同理在SingleSource完成KYC的用户可以在生态环境中的所有DApp之间畅通无阻。同时SingleSource还可以管理用户加密资产。


2.Sylo:去中心化的通讯及存储协议。特点:加密通讯,是所有平台上DApp的入口,可理解为去中心化小程序的入口。Sylo集成了钱包功能,可以实现用户与用户之间加密货币转账。Sylo同时可以通过CentraPay对商家进行支付。


3.CentraPay:链上钱包SDK,兼容ERC20&ERC721。


4.Exchange:CENNZX去中心化交易所,为用户和DApp开发者提供资产的流动性。特点:去中心化,基于区块链的撮合引擎,支持双向跨链存取款


5.Data:Causality为开发者提供大数据服务


6.IOT:Jasmy为开发者提供与IOT设备对接的功能


其中,SingleSource、Sylo、CentraPay和CENNZX都还可以作为独立的DApps为最终用户提供相关的服务。 


互联网时代,90%的应用会在90天内失去90%的用户。在CENNZ的平台上,用户只要在任意一家DApp上注册(SingleSource作为SSO),就可以成为平台上所有企业的注册用户,类似于Loginwith Google或者Loginwith Facebook,我们称其为Loginwith Blockchain。


用户可以在交流(Sylo作为通讯模块)的过程中推送平台上的应用给对方,在对方点击后可以直接跳转到此应用。在CentraPay的支持下,用户还可以直接通过聊天发送token给对方(类似微信转账)。通过平台上应用的互相协作,大家可以共享彼此的资源,达到抱团取暖效果,这样可以大大提升企业尤其是初创企业的成功率。平台的出现、生态的构建可以让开发者大大降低自己的开发成本,更专注在产品本身的特性,从而大大提高用户的体验。


平台建立初期,基础模块化服务会由平台提供,随着逐步的开放,平台将最终开源。开发者除了开发自己的应用以外,还可以编写为平台带来价值的基础模块服务来获得相应的Token奖励。



展望:万马奔腾的区块链生态系统


陶欣:那从用户的角度来看,为何用户要选择去中心化的应用呢?


JERRY: 任何新生的技术或者产品,如果不能进行有效的用户转化,那注定会走向失败。经过过去两年的宣传,相信大部分的先期用户都已经明白去中心化的应用会为他们带来更好的个人信息的私密性和安全性,也都明白了简单的Token奖励机制。那我们不禁要问:为什么一直没有出现稳定的百万用户级的去中心化应用呢?在我看来主要有以下两个原因:


1.操作复杂:对于新的区块链相关用户而言,前期例如钱包的注册等程序已经挡下了一半以上的用户。后期的Token套现过程又会挡下一批用户。


2.Token应用场景太过局限:用户得来的token只能在应用内进行流通,或者在二级市场上套现。


对于CENNZ生态里的用户,真如开篇所说的一样,用户根本不用了解什么是区块链,傻瓜似的操作让用户在体验上感受不到习惯的改变。另外依托CentraPay和交易所CENNZX提供的流动性,用户可以在无感知的情况下把钱包里的各种Token在不同的场景和应用中使用,甚至是变现。


陶欣:技术上也还有缺陷吧,目前还没有一个完美的“公链”能真正适应大规模应用吧?


JERRY: 这里可以自信的说一下,我们PL^G框架在设计初期就做了大量的调研工作,尤其是在共识算法和可扩展性上下了很大的功夫。如果一定要和现有一些起步早的公链来比,那由于没有先发优势,在初期我们在节点数量上存在一定的劣势。


陶欣:今年6月,我去参加了日本最大的区块链活动Japan Blockchain Conference,以JBC活动上,我看到JERRY公司的项目是吸引最多人,是最火爆的,JERRY给我们大家展示下?


JERRY:我们在Japan Blockchain Conference上首次向世界展示了用户是如何在DApps之间互动、跳转、转账等功能,并实时反映链上区块状态的变化。

陶欣:你们现在这个生态系统已经建立多少个DApp了?


JERRY:目前为止,在我们的生态系统中,在建的DApp已经超过40家,在接触的企业超过50家,明年上半年预计进驻企业会达到500家。在我们的愿景里,生态将会以用户为中心,为大家打造一个覆盖生活方方面面的生态系统。


在世界范围内,Centrality和业界顶级企业和机构有着深度的合作,世界第一区块链律所瑞士的MME一直是我们在法律规范方面的合作伙伴;世界上最好的区块链知识产权项目Singular DTV有着从技术到商业方面的深度合作,今年年初在日本联合推出了面向日本知识产权市场的项目SingularJ;与世界是知名区块链投行Blockhaus, 日本前三的区块链金融机构CTIA有着非常深度的合作。


中国是任何想要走向成功的企业都不能忽视的市场,Centrality在国内也已经展开了布局,通过与国内实力企业的强强联手,将把我们的研发成果带到国内,助力本地企业的成长。


我们和国内著名的深见网络科技达成了战略合作协议,双方携手将成熟可靠的区块链技术到落地中国,为企业带来新的增长点。依托深见在AI,云计算,智能算法上的累计的优势成果,加入Centrality成熟的区块链解决方案,相信一定会给市场带来惊喜。


陶欣:回到本次讨论的主题,为什么是万马奔腾的生态?


JERRY: Centrality创业至今的愿景就是在未来的区块链时代,除了众星拱月的独角兽以外,我们更希望看到众多像非洲的斑马一样有活力的企业和项目,大家相互扶持,共同奔跑在广阔的大草原上。

   本文根据「火星财经创始学习群」嘉宾分享内容整理,不代表火星财经立场。转载须在文章标题后注明:“文章来源:火星财经(ID:hxcj24h)”。


嘉宾简介

JerryYuan / CENTRALITY联合创始人&COO


前华为海外地区部销售总监,10年ICT行业经验,具有丰富的大型项目端到端运作经验,成熟的关系网络遍及APAC国家地区。3年区块链从业经验,其位于新西兰的区块链创业公司历时两年半,累计融资超2亿美金,经手主导项目累计融资超4亿美金。

   火星财经招聘编辑、记者、研究员,欢迎发送简历至简历至chenhongjin@huoxing24.com。欢迎垂询,来信必复。


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RSChain创始人李成轶:基于区块链的空间信息智能感知网络

在一个好的社群垂直生态中,Token需要有等价物对标,对标的物体需要具备稀缺性,最好还要有价值成长性。

要点速览

1.海量数据+高性能算法模型=烧不完油的汽车,区块链则为其提供了一条高速跑道,使这辆汽车可以行驶得很远。


2.开发公链只是需要少数人参与的事情,绝大部分人应该做的是思考如何搭建侧链和DApp来赋能实体经济,将思考方式从“区块链+”转为“+区块链”。


3.“+区块链”项目有三个关键着力点:团队结构、研究思路和资源对接。


近日,受轮值群主蔡栋、陶欣之邀,RSChain创始人&CEO李成轶做客「火星财经创始学习群」,做了主题为“基于区块链的空间信息智能感知网络”的分享。


李成轶认为,遥感是获取海量数据源的重要手段,AI作为其智能处理方法,自动从海量数据中提取有效信息。遥感与AI的深度融合正是RSChain团队与深见iABC实验室战略合作所面对的问题。


他表示,RS+AI+Blockchain可以想象的应用场景非常多,建议各领域从业者多从应用的角度思考区块链,以实际需求为出发点,反推区块链技术,而非在日活只有几百上千时就比拼百万级的TPS、爆炒几十G的RAM。


以下为李成轶分享内容,由火星财经(ID:hxcj24h)整理:



需求驱动的技术进步


我来自遥感(Remote Sensing,RS)行业,形象来说卫星对地球摄影是遥感、人们用手机拍风景也是遥感。今天我将从行业应用的角度来分享对区块链的一些思考,同时向大家介绍一种新型的空间信息感知模式(RS+AI+Blockchain)。


首先向大家解释下今天的主题“基于区块链的空间信息智能感知网络”。空间信息指反应地理实体空间分布特征的信息,如位置、形状、大小和相邻关系等;智能感知主要指广义的遥感。遥感,即遥远地感知。


狭义遥感通常指运用电磁波探测技术,通过卫星、航空飞机、无人机等搭载传感器,记录物体的电磁波谱特性,从而提取物体的信息。在我们的智能感知网络中将泛化遥感的概念,包括狭义遥感在内,泛指无需主体亲自参与即可获取信息的一种新型空间信息获取模式。采用人工智能和区块链社区自治(Token 激励、可溯源可验证)的方式来保证信息的准确性。


这是一张狭义遥感系统示意图,方便大家参考。


再谈谈对行业的思考,我认为技术进步应该由需求来驱动(区块链应用层视角)。石器时代,人类为了捕猎,开始用石头制作各种工具。原始社会末期,为了统一计量基准,产生了度量衡。2008年,金融危机在美国爆发并席卷全球,政府和银行管理经济的能力遭到各方质疑,信用降至谷底。随后,比特币白皮书《比特币:一种点对点的现金支付系统》由中本聪在metzdowd.com的密码学邮件组列表中发表,比特币诞生了。


纵观人类历史,技术的进步皆由实际需求来驱动。2018年作为区块链的元年,区块链概念泡沫程度严重,炒X和开会成了区块链行业的日常,资本逐利导致了为区块链而区块链的乱象。这让我想起来专为发烧(跑分)而生的小米手机,而分数再高也不一定能提升用户体验,这只是一种营销噱头。


目前人们获得信息的模式主要是被动的(被动遥感),例如文章、视频先由作者发布好,再传达到用户手中,你可能为了检索某条信息花上大半天,你也可能根本不能精准找到所需求的信息,在自然界中,更是存在大量未入库的信息。


我们不妨大胆想象,在未来人类需要一种新型的信息获取模式,你能获取的不再仅仅是存量信息,信息根据你的需求主动生成(主动遥感),例如在某个生态中,你想要一张特定角度的阿尔卑斯山照片,一会儿后这张照片就能呈现在你的眼前。RSChain——基于区块链的空间信息智能感知网络正是在这种需求下构建的。


遥感与AI怎么深度融合呢?遥感是获取海量数据源的重要手段,AI作为其智能处理方法,自动从海量数据中提取有效信息。遥感与AI的深度融合也正是RSChain团队与深见iABC实验室战略合作所面对问题,主要表现为如下三个层面。


1.提取数据表象的信息。在生活中大家见到的一张张照片(卫星、无人机图像)是由真彩色合成的,即物体反射的红、绿、蓝三个波长范围的电磁波能量,分别对应计算机彩色合成的红、绿、蓝三个通道,三个通道的DN值经过RGB彩色合成后显示为我们看到的彩色图像。AI算法可以代替人眼,从照片(卫星、无人机图像)中提取出人、车、房屋等实体信息。


传感器(非常专业的相机)能接收到的电磁波远不止红、绿、蓝三个波长范围,包括可见光(红、橙、黄、绿、蓝、靛、紫)、红外(近红外、中红外、远红外)、微波等,由多光谱或高光谱组成的数字矩阵,包含了大量的信息,例如:肉眼看似相同的两片农场、养殖场,如果其中出现病虫害,在光谱中的表现就存在差异。通过AI算法能自动从光谱数据中提取出人眼不能识别的信息。


这是一张电磁波谱示意图。


3.提取信息中的信息。这个层面主要面向人类社会服务,即通过如上提取的信息,找出信息中的规律。通过AI算法挖掘人类行为的规律,以及预测下一次事件发生的可能性。


总之,海量数据+高性能算法模型=烧不完油的汽车,区块链则为其提供了一条高速跑道,使这辆汽车可以行驶得很远。RS+AI+Blockchain可以想象的应用场景非常多。


所以我的观点是,建议各领域从业者多从应用的角度思考区块链,以实际需求为出发点,反推区块链技术,而非在日活只有几百上千时就比拼百万级的TPS、爆炒几十G的RAM。同时我还认为,开发公链只是需要少数人参与的事情,绝大部分人应该做的是思考如何搭建侧链和DApp来赋能实体经济,将思考方式从“区块链+”转为“+区块链”。在未来,极可能只存活一条或极少数的公链,而这条公链上搭载着成千上万的侧链,侧链上搭载着更多的侧链和DApp。



区块链应用层通证经济模型:一定不能是零和游戏


说到应用,它一定是面向特定用户的,这些用户具有相同的属性或需求,或者说具有一致的信仰和共识。用社群垂直生态打造Token价值空间,所有人的资产权益都与社区生态建设挂钩,让合作共赢代替零和游戏。


我认为一个好的社群垂直生态中,Token需要有等价物对标,对标的物体需要具备稀缺性,最好还要有价值成长性。


谨慎定义增发和销毁机制,我认为增发和销毁都会减弱社区自治程度,会降低社区成员的参与感和信任感,在一定程度上会吸引投机者,大量投机者在特定时间点的操作,将对社区造成极大的不稳定。所以,我认为在经济模型中如何有效避免投机者参与也是一个需要考虑的问题。


比如在RSChain中,信息采集即挖矿,用Token激励信息的有效采集。信息采集有两种方式:一种为AI算法从遥感数据中自动采集信息(机器学习解决自动分类问题),另一种为人工参与的采集信息。此时,可以理解为Token的价值对标了AI算力和人工体力(PoW)。


另外,随着人类社会发展,社群不断壮大、信息需求也呈爆炸式增长,相反地Token形成一种通缩效应,价值不断提升,价值来源于人口和社会发展的双重红利。在有效价值对标和通缩效应的机制下,形成共赢局面是必然的。大家都知道PoW是最公平的共识机制,但是其存在大量的电力资源浪费。而在RSChain中,算力、体力都转化成了有效信息,从人类大生态来说,这种对标方式是不是即公平又环保呢?



“+区块链”的3个关键着力点


我认为“+区块链”项目有三个关键着力点:团队结构、研究思路和资源对接。


首先说团队结构,作为项目管理人员,一定需要具备应用行业的背景,上述我们论证了需求向导的技术进步,在具体行业中,只有真正的从业人员才能发现行业痛点,才能设计出不同技术结合的应用模型。


例如在RSChain中,只有知道RS能获取什么样的信息,获取手段如何,以及现有数据来源和技术能达到的精度。比如现有的遥感技术可以区分看似一样的两块农田,哪块健康,哪块缺乏某种养分;以及现有AI算法的性能在遥感图像分类中已经远超传统统计学方法,在大类别识别的总体精度能达到98%以上;有些任务用国产数据就能实现,而有些任务需要借助国外的数据。


因此在RSChain项目中,我们的成员结构比例是:具体应用人员、区块链开发人员和运营人员等依次递减。


再说发展思路,简单说就是在思维上去公链化,尽量不参与公链的研究,我们需要的是选择一条合适的公链,在其上进行二次开发。如果把公链比作框架的话,我们把更多的精力放在内容研究。


把区块链当作一项技术、一个工具,思考如何用这个工具来服务专门的领域,思考领域内哪些数据应该上链、通证模型是怎样的,初期怎样引导社区走向自治。


资源整合非常关键,一个领域的专家在其他领域会存在盲区,交叉型项目就像搭积木,在其包含的任何一个领域你可能都不是最顶尖的,但是你能把各行业的资源连接在一起,就能产生非常大的能量。因此,我强调资源整合的重要性。



RSChain的应用场景


10月18日,在2018火星区块链(纽约)峰会上王峰表示:“非常重视区块链信息服务、区块链金融服务和产业区块链化三个方向。其中,区块链信息服务,属于广义的信息服务,远不止火星财经目前提供的业务范畴。”


“区块链信息服务”,这让我们迅速地将RSChain与其对号入座,理念可谓不谋而合。大数据时代早已到来,近年来人类社会产生的数据量正在指数上升,机器学习算法也需要源源不断的数据来训练模型以提升精度,数据变得越来越有价值,而数据的价值体现在挖掘其中的有效信息,“信息即价值”。


基于此RSChain可衍生出各种场景的专题应用。我们面向商业、政府和个人等都有应用场景。


这里仅举一个最简单的面向个人的应用场景吧。


异地协同工作(需求:中国的A需要意大利的B拍一张特定角度的阿尔卑斯山的照片,注:这里“照片”可以代指如上三个层面的信息),A在RSChain上发布采集需求,需要B所在地的实景信息,此时由B进行现场采集实景信息,任务完成后,A需要支付一定的Token,B因此获得Token激励,其中节省了A到B处的时间、差旅等成本,可溯源特性也保证了B的工作质量,如B多次工作质量低将被社区开除或受到Token惩罚。


这是不是有点像赏金任务呢?网络架构示意如下图。


在初期,社区生态中存量信息量较少,AI和社区成员参与挖矿。当信息量达到一定程度时,生态逐渐转化为以Token激励下的信息交易为主体。生态一直发展,最后将演变为一个高度自治的透明地球。


现在学术方面现有中意两方的实验室依托,实验室有包括IEEE Fellow在内的专家,发表了大量遥感方面的顶级期刊文章,其中也包括遥感和机器学习相关的命题。相关落地的一些遥感数据处理算法是我们自己编写的,包括我本身也是具备底层数据处理算法开发经验。


现已遥感到一张独一无二的阿尔卑斯山实景照片,与大家共赏之并结束我今天的分享。

   本文根据「火星财经创始学习群」嘉宾分享内容整理,不代表火星财经立场。转载须在文章标题后注明:“文章来源:火星财经(ID:hxcj24h)”。


嘉宾简介

李成轶 / RSChain创始人&CEO

中国地质大学与意大利特伦托大学联合培养博士,多个省部级(前国土部、环保部)、国际级(欧空局、NASA等)大型遥感项目管理、算法研发和野外调查经验。前SuperMap软件开发工程师。致力于前沿技术与遥感及其应用领域的交叉研究。

   火星财经招聘编辑、记者、研究员,欢迎发送简历至简历至chenhongjin@huoxing24.com。欢迎垂询,来信必复。


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上海戳记科技创始人郭成淦:普惠AI从Token激励的AI数据标注开始

如果不是每个人都能享受到便捷的AI服务,AI就不会成为一个社会的好机遇。

要点速览


1.AI的繁荣的核心是其所惠及的平民大众的数量,切入点是AI标注(训练)。


2.AI的高速发展取决于三个重要的因素:数据、算法和算力。


3.标注数据是AI发展的一个先决条件。


近日,受轮值群主蔡栋、陶欣之邀,上海戳记科技创始人郭成淦做客「火星财经创始学习群」,做了主题为“普惠AI-从token激励的AI数据标注开始”的分享。


郭成淦表示,普惠AI就是让所有人都能够获得AI服务,具有4个基本特点:第一是使用的便捷性,也就是易于触达,容易使用;第二是便宜,也就是AI服务的价格应该平民化,能够让人用得起;第三是用的好,能够获得比较好的产品质量;第四是用的放心,用户在使用时的隐私安全和数据安全有保障。


在他看来,从区块链数据标注可以切入普惠AI,一方面区块链技术可以和数据标注完美的契合,解决传统标注行业里面的很多痛点,另一方面,数据标注本身离普惠AI这个概念最近。


以下为郭成淦分享内容,由火星财经(ID:hxcj24h)整理:

“一个国家的繁荣,不取决于她的国库之殷实,不取决于她的城堡之坚固,也不取决于她的公共设施之华丽;而取决于她的公民的文明素养,即在于人民所受的教育,人民的远见卓识和品格的高下。这才是真正的利害所在,真正的力量所在”。——马丁·路德·金


马丁·路德·金的这句话点出了国家繁荣的核心是人民,着力点是教育。其实,这句话套用在AI领域也是说的通的,我们可以说AI的繁荣的核心是其所惠及的平民大众的数量,切入点是AI标注(训练)。



普惠AI的概念及其四个特点


什么叫普惠AI?我们认为,普惠AI就是,所有人都能够获得AI服务。不管他是富人还是穷人,是城里人还是农村人,都能够便捷的使用AI,获得AI服务。我们认为如果不是每个人都能享受到便捷的AI服务,AI就不会成为一个社会的好的机遇。让AI惠及所有人,让AI不在一小片区域里应用,而是在全社会广泛地应用,我们认为这个就是普惠AI的概念。


从上面的概念出发,我们可以得出普惠AI的四个基本特点:


第一是使用的便捷性,也就是易于触达,容易使用。不管是学富五车的业内高级技术人员,还是对AI一无所知的门外汉;不管是在偏远落后的农村,还是交通便利的城市,都能够便捷、容易的获得AI服务。


第二是便宜,也就是AI服务的价格,应该是平民化的,能够让人用得起。普通人或者团队没有那些大集团财大气粗,所以降低使用成本是一个很必然的需求。


第三是用的好,也就是在用得起的同时,能够获得比较好的产品质量,而不是一些粗制滥造的服务。


第四是用的放心,也就是用户在使用时,他的隐私安全和数据安全要有保障。这一点尤为关键,特别是在用户隐私越来越得到重视的今天。



标注数据是AI发展的先决条件


AI的高速发展取决于三个重要的因素:数据、算法和算力。而数据又是研发优秀算法的一个非常重要的基础,所谓“巧妇难为无米之炊”,没有大量的标注好的数据去训练和验证AI算法,再聪明的人,也开发不出优异的算法。这是标注数据的很重要的一个方面。


另一个重要的方面,体现在算法边际性能的改进对训练数据量的需求是指数级增加的。2012年谷歌研究和卡内基梅隆大学的研究发现机器的对数改进视觉性能作为数据集的大小从100万个图像增加到3亿7500万个图像。通俗的理解,当你的算法性能从90%提升到99%时是比较容易的,但是从99%提升到99.9%的时候,同样一个9,难度却是指数级增加的,它需要的数据量也是指数级增加的。


从上面这两点来看,标注数据是AI发展的一个先决条件。


从上面这张图片,可以看出,绝大部分AI算法模型都是需要有标签数据的,也就是依赖于数据标注的,且目前成熟的只有依赖于标注数据的监督式学习算法。



从区块链数据标注切入普惠AI


为什么从区块链数据标注切入普惠AI呢?有以下两个原因:


一方面,区块链技术可以和数据标注完美的契合,解决传统标注行业里面的很多痛点。传统数据标注行业里面层层外包、需求方不信任小的标注团队、标注方被需求方欺诈、标注员无法分享到标注平台的红利、需求方的数据安全等问题都可以通过区块链的分布式账本、智能合约和加密技术来加以解决。


另一方面,数据标注本身离普惠AI这个概念最近。相比算法和算力这两个因素,数据标注非常简单,几乎没有技术门槛,再难的项目3天之内就能随便耍了,甚至一些特殊人群,比如聋哑人培训后,也能进行数据标注。同时,数据标注也离普通用户最近,他们既可以作为全职员工在企业里面标注,也可以在业余时间,甚至排个队、喝杯咖啡的时间,在手机App上进行数据标注。



理解区块链数据标注实现普惠AI的两个公式


根据我在圈内的学习,并结合经济学知识,得出了区块链数据标注实现普惠AI的两个公式:


第一个是传统中心化平台的用户边际成本递增公式,而在以区块链技术为基础的价值网络中是可以减轻或消除的。这里的用户边际成本递增,是指用户加入一个平台,当这个平台的已有用户量达到一定规模时,后面加入这个平台的用户,其所获得的服务的边际成本是递增的,也就是越往后加入的用户,其在该平台获取服务的成本越高,而且这还是在平台保持免费政策不变的情况下,如果平台后面因为垄断而收费了,那么垄断后进入的用户获取服务的成本更高。


得出这个结论的原因是,免费的平台往往通过广告赚取收入,充斥平台的海量垃圾广告剥夺了用户的时间和精力,而这是用户最宝贵的财富,而且随着平台用户的增加,平均每个用户的搜寻成本也会提高。而在以区块链技术为基础的价值网络中,这种现象可以减轻或者消除,因为在这种价值网络中,用户加入去中心化平台的边际成本是0,因为他可以与平台的任何一个用户直接交易,而不需要通过中心化的平台,而且中心化的信息还可能是被篡改的。


第二个是,从标注员享受标注业务收入分配的角度来看,传统的标注业务收入分配是来自于AI产品/服务的成本部分,因为数据标注是AI产品/服务的成本的一部分,而在以区块链技术为基础的价值网络中,标注员享受的标注业务收入分配是来自于AI产品/服务的销售收入部分,因为没有平台费了,而且拥有附加的积分收益。显而易见,后者的蛋糕要大于前者。



Token激励的AI数据标注与普惠AI生态模型


如果说数据标注是AI发展的先决条件,那么区块链技术则是普惠AI落地的先决条件。一方面,区块链为普惠AI的落地提供了去中心化的基础设施,提供了基于智能合约的激励机制,同时确保了数据的安全性。可以说,区块链是数字化社会中普惠AI的基石。另一方面,区块链是创造信任的机器,信任是支撑普惠AI产品和服务的核心基础。信任意味着更低的成本,更好的协作。这也是区块链所带给普惠AI的最大价值。


在我们的生态模型里面,位于中国四川凉山的放牛娃和位于河北保定的上班族可以共同为人工智能企业百度标注无人驾驶图像识别训练数据。他们标注完成并审核通过后,将不仅可以获得传统数据标注业务中的法币收入(法币将由需求方根据待标注业务量的多少提前充值到我们平台上),而且还将获得相应工作量的积分激励。


当他们拿到这个积分的时候,可以用于兑换需求方的AI服务优惠券,比如百度无人驾驶汽车在他们当地有运营的话,他们就可以用这些积分去兑换百度万人车乘用的优惠券,以此获得便宜的AI服务。甚至,百度在我们平台上发布任务时,还可以特别声明,前1000位标注者可以免费乘坐百度的无人车一次,从而加速百度无人车训练数据的标注。


如果百度在当地没有无人车运营呢?比如百度在四川凉山没有运营无人车,那四川凉山的放牛娃如何分享便宜的AI服务呢?这个很好理解,首先,积分在我们项目生态内部是通用型的积分,他们可以用这些积分兑换本地的AI企业服务优惠券。


其次,即便本地没有AI企业,但总是有AI服务能到达本地的,比如可以用标注获得的积分在生态中兑换一个家用智能学习机器人,甚至他可以用他标注获得的积分去淘宝上兑换一件衣服,一套文具(因为淘宝也在我们项目生态内,它们也需要我们生态内的用户给它们做数据标注),等等。当然,这是更广泛意义的普惠AI了。


以上讲解的对普通用户的普惠AI,也适用于传统企业和中小企业,同时也适用于AI算法开发者。



数据标注类别即最新国际动向


数据标注业务本身是很简单的,它的类别包括分类,也就是我们常见的打标签,一般是从既定的标签中选择数据对应的标签,是封闭集合,比如判断某一件衬衫的颜色,衬衫下面有几个选项,然后选一个正确的;其次,是标框标注,就是框选要检测的对象,它通常用于训练机器学习中的图像检测算法,比如要训练人脸识别算法,首先要在图片中把人脸框出来;第三是区域分割,就是把图片中感兴趣对象的边缘画出来;第四是描点标注,比如用4个点把人的一个眼睛标注出来;最后是一些比较难的其他标注,从文本中提取出一些问答语句,然后把这些提取出的问答语句做成一个专家系统,用于机器人客服。主要是这几类。


最近国际上的数据标注行业也有一些新的发展方向,其一是AI辅助人工标注,比如在做图片中手的区域分割的时候,我们人工沿着手和手指的边缘画线,那么AI会根据鼠标箭头的移动自动在一些转折处或拐弯处形成一些关键点,从而使得区域分割更准确,我们得到的数据是目前国外35%的数据公司都在用AI辅助人工标注数据,当然这也可能跟国外的人工标注成本更高有关。


其二,数据标注行业也正在从传统的2维数据标注往3D数据标注发展,比如,近几年手机深度摄像头的普及,采集的很多数据都是3D的,又比如随着无人驾驶的兴起,3D激光雷达的使用呈现爆发式增长,采集的3D点云雷达数据越来越多,那么这些3D数据都是需要人工进行标注处理的。



戳记科技的发展规划


我们公司业务上,目前是两条腿走路,一方面,在传统的标注领域,我们从简单到复杂,先做简单的图像分类、画框和边缘标注,然后再逐步进入难度更高的文本、语音、视频标注,拿文本标注来说,目前中文的文本标注需求非常大,但标注工具非常少,这使得我国在语义理解,专家系统和知识图谱建设方面严重落后于国外,所以未来这一块的市场需求是非常大的。


另一方面,我们抢先进入因无人驾驶兴起而即将呈爆发式增长的3D激光雷达数据标注,我们这一块的标注工具也快开发完成了,而且,这一块,我们是直接上了国际上现在比较热门的AI辅助人工标注,我们先用激光雷达目标检测算法,把原始点云数据中的目标检测出来,然后再进行人工标注,当然二维的数据标注我们也会往这方面走。


类似AlphaGo Zero阿法狗零,我们以后会大量使用AI自己生成标注,例如大规模Transfer Learning, Conditional GANs 和人工“真实”数据产生器技术。

   本文根据「火星财经创始学习群」嘉宾分享内容整理,不代表火星财经立场。转载须在文章标题后注明:“文章来源:火星财经(ID:hxcj24h)”。


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郭成淦 /上海戳记科技创始人

曾任易成科技产品副总监、技术规划部负责人、恒相科技合伙人兼产品总监。拥有丰富的技术战略规划和产品运营经验。对无人驾驶、人工智能和3D激光雷达数据标注有深刻见解。撰写过《自动驾驶大数据商业模式》等研究报告。

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ASA Robotics CTO曹大军:机器人的价值与未来的一代

在机器人领域,我们如今可以看到聪明的资金如软银在持续投入。

要点速览

1.机器人技术如未来一代,刚刚出生,其能力还如初级阶段。


2.机器人在认知技术上还面临很大的挑战,人工智能离人的智能还有一段路要走。


3.人与未来机器人的共存世界,还会有一个并行的数字和价值互联网。

近日,受轮值群主蔡栋、陶欣之邀,ASA Robotics CTO曹大军做客「火星财经创始学习群」,做了主题为“机器人的价值与未来的一代”的分享。


曹大军表示,家用机器人市场总量在近几年可达到1.2亿台,而机器人技术能否到来,主要看几个关键功能组织:一是手脚等运动功能,二是眼耳等感觉功能,第三是最重要的大脑认知功能。


他认为,未来机器人是一个可扩展的平台:首先是一个内容平台,其它机器人也可以贡献内容;其次是算法平台,其它机器人也可以贡献数据和算法;还有可能是硬件平台,包括机器人电商,即你甚至机器人可以自己增加一些其它的硬件。与此同时,除了算法和云基础架构,所有这些有价值的东西都可以上链。


以下为曹大军分享内容,由火星财经(ID:hxcj24h)整理:



三大技术和同时代的人


一个时代的技术对相应时代的人会有相当大的关联。针对孩子来说,技术在他们成长过程中如何获取知识,如何打发非学习时间,即玩什么,有非常大的影响。与不同技术成长起来的儿童在未来为自己的人生和社会创造风格不同的思想,价值和产品。


我们主要讲三大技术和三个时代的人:


1.与电视技术成长80后:在80后的成长过程中,他们可以通过观看教育频道和全世界的新闻去获取知识,对于非学习时间,他们有了一个新的玩项,可以看自己喜欢的少儿节目。这个时代的人天生具有了更广阔的视野,他们拥抱和推动了互联网的时代的迅速普及 ,使今天这些公司取的巨大的成功,如阿里,百度等。


2. 与电脑互联网技术成长的00后:在00后的成长过程中,他们可以主动去获取感兴趣的知识,可以参与互动游戏。他们在数字世界中学习、娱乐与成长。更重要的事,他们也参与了创造这些虚拟内容。这个时代的人天生具有了更多选择并能主动参与其中进行创造。他们拥抱、推动和贡献数字内容,终将拥抱和推动虚实结合的机器人技术。


3. 与机器人技术成长起来的15~20后或未来一代: 在未来一代的成长过程中,他们获取知识将通过与机器人这个伙伴来对话,视觉交流相互学习来得到,他们也会与机器人一起来做游戏,创造一些新的功能。未来一代将与机器人一道,在真实世界里创造虚实结合的智能设备。我们相信他们将拥抱和推动新一代如LEGO机器人,VEX机器人,大疆无人机等更具有人的特性,如自然交互的机器人。


我们在ASA Robotics做的机器人, 目标是期望能提供给未来这一代的孩子,它可以与孩子一起成长,听孩子的话,看懂孩子的动作,能够自主移动,随时跟着孩子,守护孩子的安全,并与孩子一起学习、玩耍,记录孩子成长。



家庭机器人行业现状

我们对应第一张图,给一个市场的照片:


这是我们对家用机器人市场的估计,总量在近几年可达到1.2亿台,其中基于孩子的未来一代在美国可达到1000万台。


但我们也想知道,消费机器人的技术是人类的一个伟大梦想,但它的技术真的准备好了吗。


我们先从近期来说,上一次互联网泡沫时的亚马逊等电商公司被认为是坑,确实对大量只跟随热点的热钱来说,他们的投资多填坑了。


但经历过泡沫的电商企业依然保持了强劲的发展。聪明的资金不是因为行业发热而投资,而是因为相信未来才投资,成功的企业不是因为行业发热才进入,而是因为相信未来才进入。


在机器人领域,我们如今可以看到聪明的资金如软银在持续的投入,我们看到UBTECH也正在得到腾讯的投资。


我们做机器人这个领域,是看到未来才做的,与2003年我在NEWEGG做电商一样。先看一下这张图,了解一下机器人的发展。


感谢日本公司过去几十年的贡献,我们想知道消费机器人时代奇点是否真的到来。


机器人技术能否到来,主要是人的几个关键功能组织:一是手脚等运动功能,二是眼耳等感觉功能,第三也是最重要的大脑认知功能。


1.机器人的运动功能(手脚):机械臂,机械手和相应的MOTOR的能力加强,特别是过去几十年日本HONDA, SONY等公司在这方面取得很大的进展。


2.机器人(眼耳功能):视觉和听觉等环境感知的传感器技术越来越发达、可靠,并且越来越便宜。


a)手机中传感器(陀螺仪,相机,声音等,在这几年大力发展起来)。


b)主要有伴随VR技术,360度相机,(GOOGLE LENS, FACEBOOK 360 CAMERA)。


c)自动架驶技术中的LIDAR, RADAR等技术。


3.机器人(大脑功能):声音识别交互,图像识别交互技术,人工智能技术的加强导致这个技术能力加强。


a)计算处理能力


b)计算算法和深度学习方面


c)集成操作系统ROS


但我们也充分认识到,上述的技术达到完美还有一段路要走。我们需要在技术能力和应用领域找到一个最佳结合点。在ASA Robotics, 我们认为,机器人技术如未来一代,刚刚出生,其能力还如初级阶段,我们要做的是一个与孩子一起学习,玩乐成长的机器人。



未来机器人是一个可扩展的平台


我们先用两张图来说明一下行业现状和正在和将要发生的机器人。


这是大家所见到机器人。


这是正在进行的,可以分为三类:


第一类为:以软银,谷歌,亚马逊,阿里为代表的智能音箱,具备人的特征的多功能机器人; 第二类为:以IRobot、小米为代表的提供家庭用的特定功能如扫地的机器人第三类为: 以Zenbo、Misty、Kuri等为代表提供的特定场景多功能的机器人。


先说以软银、谷歌、亚马逊、阿里为代表的智能音箱,具备人机的交互特征的多功能机器人,这些机器人基本上能够听懂人的话,能够回答人的问题。其中软银的机器人还能够行走, 只是价格相对较贵。


再说以IRobot、小米为代表的提供家庭用的专一扫地功能机器人,它们属于家庭电器型,并开始以此为支点,增加智能属性。我们正好有这方面的一个博士,做了10多年。


再说以Zenbo、Misty、 Kuri等为代表提供的特定场景多功能的机器人,这类机器人加入了人类所拥有的情感、视觉、声觉和行动能力。


但近段时间相继传出特定场景多功能机器人如JIBO和KURI面临的困境,让我们知道,如早期的互联网和电脑,运算速度慢,连网也慢。现在的机器人也面临着发展过程中的挑战。如我们所知,机器人在认知技术上还面临很大的挑战,人工智能离人的智能还有一段路要走。


要做好机器人,我们需要有很深的技术积累,有长期坚持做具有自然交互能力机器人的意志。


所幸的是,在ASA Robotics, 我们的团队都具有中美知名大学博士学位,在美中著名企业工作多年,有15+年的经验积累,有近百项机器人相关的专利。如在机械方面,我们有从事设计月球车前航天系统的杰出青年。


最后,在视觉方面,带人脸识别技术的智能摄像头最终要成为机器人的“智能眼睛”。我们开发的这款机器人眼睛会和深见网络科技公司合作,他们在MegaFace百万人脸大赛上获得全球第一名,在最近的爱奇艺多模态视频人物识别挑战赛又超越百度获得第一名。


另外,我们有美国的博通的首席科学家。


但是,机器人技术博大精深,代表人工智能的终极模式,我们不可能在所有领域发力。我们集中精力在单个场景和单个领域里提供与孩子学习娱乐成长的具备自然交互的移动机器人。


我们设计的机器人观察环境和它的主人,自带可升级算法及无缝存取云上隐私保护数据,这些内容直接反馈未来一代,而且整个生命周期会不断贡献内容即观察数据,以便我们平台改进其智能,同时更多数据分享会产生更好的算法并反馈。


人与未来机器人的共存世界,还会有一个并行的数字和价值互联网。


未来机器人是一个可扩展的平台,首先是一个内容平台,而且其他机器人也可以贡献内容;第二个是算法平台,其它机器人可以也贡献数据和算法;第三个可能还是一个硬件平台,包括机器人电商,就是你、甚至机器人可以自己增加一些其他的硬件。后面除了算法和云基础架构,所有这些有价值的东西都可以上链。


蔡栋深见iABC实验室原来就是我们万达飞凡科技研究院,很高心他们还在AI和区块链等领域继续深耕,我们专注机器人的设计和生产以及大量算法,其中云平台中会大量使用他们的AIEX – AI交易所。


需要说明的是,我们和PAI项目最不一样的地方是,我们设计的机器人自己有视觉和听觉,能够对环境和主人感知,而不是简单地通过手机和AR呈现。


最有趣的是,蔡栋还给我们的机器人设计了自己的钱包,我不仅要给它小费,它自己也能靠其他方式赚钱,这个钱当然是数字货币。关于ASABot Token设计:


ASA Token的流通


1.鼓励ASA Token流通,用ASA Token购买ASA商场商品享有优惠。


2.ASAbot拥有自己的钱包,会根据AI算法得到的隐私情感和quota(限额)进行M2M(机器对机器)现线上采购,例如在天气不好,或者主人心情不好的时候买鲜花或者购买音乐。


ASA Token的获取


1.ASAbot体验数据上链奖励Token:使用者与ASAbot互动的美好体验及温馨回忆,都可以以文字、拍照、视频等形式记录下来,并且上传到链上,ASA将以区块链技术保持客户隐私,并永久保存在链上。


2.算法贡献奖励Token:有能力的开发者,可以自行编写算法,应用于ASAbot,应用成功后可获得ASA Token作为奖励。算法是其开发者的知识产权,可以将算法实现的功能放在链上,吸引其他需要的人用ASA Token进行购买,实现利益的共享。


3.机器人解锁任务奖励Token:机器人有多种功能,为了得到更多用户体验数据,我们鼓励用户与ASAbot互动,用户可以解锁未使用的不同功能,每解锁一种任务,都可获得不同数量的ASA Token。


4.用法币直接购买:可以用法币购买价值相当的ASA Token,用于ASA商城交易。


ASA Token 爱心捐赠


ASA Token不仅在有能力购买的人群中使用,公司基于让人们拥有更高质量生活的理念,还会进行爱心公益活动,比如捐赠给孤寡老人、残疾人士、留守儿童、及其他需要的人,帮助他们提高生活质量。


具体通证模型我这里就不多展开了,其时这和昨天分享的爱情情感数字化上链类似,除了人和机器之间的情感,我们也关注机器人在我们未来下一代的教育和娱乐。

   本文根据「火星财经创始学习群」嘉宾分享内容整理,不代表火星财经立场。转载须在文章标题后注明:“文章来源:火星财经(ID:hxcj24h)”。


嘉宾简介

曹大军博士 / ASA Robotics CTO


曾获上海市十大优秀CIO.前美国Newegg.com CTO, 前万达电商CTO

   火星财经招聘编辑、记者、研究员,欢迎发送简历至简历至chenhongjin@huoxing24.com。欢迎垂询,来信必复。


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丘比特CBIT创始人李晶:区块链创造爱情表达新体验

以前爱情表达这种体验和能量是无法计算它的价值的,而现在可以通过区块链体现出爱情表达的价值。

要点速览


1.体验链和能量链的价值就是过去我们用法币不太好衡量和流动的东西,但是现在非常适合区块链,动态价格,共识前提,心物一元。


2.通过收集到的数据,爱情表达是海量人群的高频需求,具备频次多、场景多、年龄广、人数多的特点。


3. 爱情表达即挖矿,还有固态通证爱情水晶的设置,打破了POS机制的制约,能够积极鼓励情侣夫妻之间的多维度爱情表达行为。

近日,丘比特CBIT创始人李晶做客「火星财经创始学习群」,做了主题为“区块链创造爱情表达新体验”的分享,同时与轮值群主蔡栋、陶欣进行了深度对话。


李晶表示,区块链有九大应用场景方向:技术链、金融链、供应链、交易链、存证链、商业链、社交链、体验链、能量链。


目前在体验和能量层面的场景是很值得期待的方向。体验链和能量链的价值就是过去我们用法币不太好衡量和流动的东西,但是现在非常适合区块链,动态价格,共识前提,心物一元。


以前爱情表达这种体验和能量是无法计算它的价值的,而现在可以通过丘比特可以体现出爱情表达的价值。爱情表达就是丘比特项目最核心的场景。


以下为李晶分享内容,由火星财经(ID:hxcj24h)整理:


我是爱情行业的老兵,也是区块链行业的探索实践者。大家可以参考丘比特这个项目的思考维度,了解一下体验和能量层面的区块链场景应用,希望能够帮助大家看懂更多基于场景应用的区块链项目。


设计维度一:项目设计的核心方向


对于区块链项目,共识与核心场景应用的确立是第一步,拥有广泛的共识是项目成功的基础,依托人们已有的共识是增加成功率的重要方法。以前爱情表达这种体验和能量是无法计算它的价值的,而现在通过丘比特可以体现出爱情表达的价值。


丘比特(Cupid-bit简称CBIT)是爱情表达的数字权益,是区块链技术基于爱情场景的创新应用。在丘比特 DApp 上,送CBIT 给对方表达爱情即可获得爱情上链服务,点对点的爱情表达和CBIT的使用,突破时空的局限,记录在爱情账本上。


设计维度二:价值创造的目标人群及应用方式


在项目设计时明确经济体中创造价值的目标人群非常重要,只有基于价值创造人群进一步设计应用方式,才能真正让用户进入经济体并创造价值,经济体才会不断成长强大。


爱情表达的价值创造来源于全球16岁到60岁的个体。基于这部分人群和爱情表达这个核心场景,由王东院长首批设计了9项应用方式,比如应用于个人用户爱情表达的爱情上链服务、爱情大厅表白、暗恋模式、爱情传递服务、爱情矿机、爱情封印,和基于爱情商家的婚礼爱情见证、明星网红模式、赋能商家模式。


通过这些应用,丘比特生态可以获得大量的真实用户。用户使用丘比特CBIT并不是为了投资赚钱,而是因为丘比特实际的应用使用价值。


设计维度三:用户量及经济体总量


设计区块链项目的视角是经济体视角,区块链项目天生就是全球化的,是否能在全球范围够拥有最够多的用户量,是否拥有足够大的经济体总量对于项目的长久发展至关重要。


通过收集到的数据,爱情表达是海量人群的高频需求,具备频次多、场景多、年龄广、人数多的特点。丘比特是以真实使用用户和不断达成的共识为驱动发展的,会对未来区块链发展贡献大量的新入用户,推动区块链的发展。


设计维度四:设计适合的通证经济系统


基于爱情表达的通证经济系统也是让丘比特帮助人们实现爱情浪漫的关键。比如,爱情表达即挖矿,还有固态通证爱情水晶的设置,打破了POS机制的制约,能够积极鼓励情侣夫妻之间的多维度爱情表达行为。


设计维度五:项目整体发展规划及方向


区块链项目是全球化分布式治理,通过通证可以汇聚更多能量,因此,有完整的发展规划思路非常重要,可以吸引到合适的资金、人才和资源。


项目团队和顾问们为丘比特设计了基金会治理模式,规划了节点化的运营方案,还有能够快速强化共识的营销方案,预计2019年将在全球拥有500万-1000万用户,并联手全球十万以上的爱情领域商家,基本构筑丘比特爱情表达经济体。


问答环节:


Q1: 和爱情相关的经济体肯定会是海量的用户,作为一个区块链爱情情感项目,你刚才说的体量可能达到百万、千万甚至更高,如何同时运营这么多用户呢?系统如何承载?


A1: 运营区块链项目就要用区块链的思维,也就是节点思维,具体的运营方式大家可以参考丘比特现在的做法。基于爱情表达已有的强大共识和贴近人们生活的场景应用,丘比特按照区块链的节点化运营,力求让更多有共识有能量的节点进入丘比特生态,让生态良性稳健发展。


Q2:好的“区块链通证模型+落地场景”应用确实能为商家赋能,这个诉求也是区块链行业的一直在探讨的问题,具体怎么做呢?


A2: 丘比特打造了平行的爱情世界,帮助实体经济在数字空间里消费升级,让数字赋能实体爱情产业,丘比特的所有场景应用都是在和法币不冲突的情况下进行增值,这也是全球商家可以共同加入共享的基础。


基于区块链技术,在丘比特生态中,所有的爱情表达数据都是完全属于用户的,商家可以通过支付通证的方式申请调取用户的爱情表达数据,同意调用数据的用户通过爱情表达数据得到通证。这样,每个人的爱情数据都会变得有价值,这份爱情表达的价值又可以反馈给爱情表达的所有者。

   本文根据「火星财经创始学习群」嘉宾分享内容整理,不代表火星财经立场。转载须在文章标题后注明:“文章来源:火星财经(ID:hxcj24h)”。


嘉宾简介

李晶 / 丘比特CBIT创始人


国内最大求婚策划平台D1 求婚创始人,深耕研究爱情情感领域7年。2013年发起99国际求婚节,为多个城市及景区打造爱情主题名片,喜马拉雅热门情感类节目统筹策划。作为区块链场景应用项目落地的实践者,发起了全球首个爱情表达区块链项目丘比特。

   火星财经招聘编辑、记者、研究员,欢迎发送简历至简历至chenhongjin@huoxing24.com。欢迎垂询,来信必复。


火星财经认路“韭菜”教程:

咔咔咔,设个星标

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火币大学于佳宁 | BUMO郭强 | 肖飒律师

MakerDAO潘超 | IOTA熊志敏 | Frank Ling 

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Huobi MENA Introduces AI-Powered Hybrid Trading Platform

Huobi MENA, the global arm of Hubo Division for the Middle East, North Africa, and South Asian markets announced November 1, 2018, that it has teamed up with AI Trader, an artificial intelligence-based autonomous crypto trading system.

Integrating AI into Trading Platform

Under the new partnership, Huobi MENA will integrate AI Trader’s proprietary solution to offer a hybrid trading platform.

With the new hybrid system at their disposal, Huobi users will have the option to trade on AI Trader using their API keys without having to migrate or diversify their funds from their Huobi accounts. The result of each trade completed using AI Trader APIs will be highlighted in their Huobi MENA accounts.

AI Trader’s hybrid intelligence trading mode is based on “high-frequency trading (HFT) industry core principles.” Among other perks, the subscribers of this new trading mode will be entitled to a discount of 40 percent.

Sweetening the deal further, Huobi MENA is offering free trades for a limited one-month period to all new customers. The offer is available for anyone to grab through November 2018.

“At Huobi, we believe that artificial intelligence is not just the future but the present. The strategic partnership with AI Trader enables our users to apply the latest analytical trading tools, thus alleviating the burden on our traders. Our partnership with AI Traders underlines our vision to offer cutting edge solutions to our users,” said Mohit Davar, the co-founder of Huobi MENA, while explaining how the integration of AI technology will make crypto trading a lot easier for investors.

Users of the new hybrid trading system will have various technical indicators for analyzing market patterns and trends before they execute trades. These indicators include, but not limited to Exponential Moving Average (EMA) crossovers, Bollinger Bands, Stochastics, and Relative Strength Index.

AI Traders Gains Access to Huobi’s Crypto Exchange

The deal could also be potentially a game changer for AI Trader’s presence in the Middle East and North Africa along with South Asia as it gives them access to Huobi MENA’s cryptocurrency exchange.

Santosh Sarma, Chief Marketing Officer at AI Traders, hailed the new partnership as an essential step forward for redefining the way crypto traders go about their business.

Sarma said that his company is focused on bringing sophisticated AI technologies currently available to only a select few established asset management firms and hedge funds to everyone. Explaining the decision to tie up with Huobi MENA, Sarma said:

“Huobi MENA is the ideal choice of exchange for us. Huobi Group is not just one of the top three digital asset exchanges by trading volumes, but at its core, only Huobi offers carefully selected secure projects to its users, excluding those with low or no liquidity.”

He also lauded Huobi crypto exchange’s superior infrastructure and “the highest standards of security” to protect investors from malicious attacks and financial crimes.

Builders on Wall Street: Bitcoin Devs Host Lightning Hack Day

It was described as “not a normal conference.”

Sure, speakers took to the podium to present their futuristic ideas – a staple at the cryptocurrency space’s many, many conferences. But the Lightning Hackday, which took place in the heart of Wall Street on October 27th and 28th, was all-in-all more of a community-led endeavor with a heavy coding twist.

Throughout the two-day event, a hackathon whirred in the background. Tiny computers called Raspberry Pis dotted the tables and developers murmured amongst themselves about how to tweak the rules of the system while also not disrupting the incentive schemes.

This eclectic setup is maybe to be expected from a group of hackers building what they hope is the future of money.

Bitcoin’s lightning network is still in its early stages, but many hope it will fix bitcoin’s biggest underlying problems – that it’s simply too slow and clunky, and so doesn’t scale well for a future of mass adoption – at least, that is, without the help of a second layer.

“For those of you who don’t know, blockchains suck,” Chris Stewart, an engineer at blockchain data provider SuredBits, said when kicking off his talk.

That said, he and other developers hope the lightning network will change that.

Passions were so high, in fact, that it was hard to keep track of all the different projects on the floor. But one thing tied them all together – the interest in building for the technology’s potential as a payment mechanism for everyday purchases.

Indeed, Lightning Labs engineer Alex Bosworth admitted that lightning’s “killer app” – what takes it mainstream – might be as simple as that.

“I don’t know what the killer app is, maybe buying a cupcake is,” Bosworth told attendees during his talk.

Ideas, man

Bosworth, though suspects that the best ideas for using lightning haven’t even been created yet.

For comparison, he argued that the early developers behind Linux, the popular open-source operating system, could never have guessed how far the code would go.

“Were they thinking ‘Oh this will be deployed in a billion phones?” he said, implying that they probably didn’t – and couldn’t – have that kind of foresight when it was first deployed.

As such, Bosworth told the developers to not keep their big ideas a secret. And he took his own advice, sharing his many ideas for how lightning could be used in unique ways. For instance, he believes lightning could be used as a “monetized data layer,” with some retouching of the underlying software.

Right now, lightning works by passing around “little proofs” that are essentially “meaningless, random data,” Bosworth said. “But we could turn it into meaningful data,” added.

One idea: use lightning for passing around little pieces of a file, so that when they’re brought together they recreate the full file.

Bosworth also argued that lightning could be used to pay for enhanced payment privacy and to fuel a wave of “self-organizing” games, although, as Bosworth rattled off idea after idea, it was hard to keep up with just how these features would work in practice.

Still, he was only one developer sharing ideas at the event.

Hailing from Japan, Nayuta CEO Kenichi Kurimoto presented a lightning implementation that’s optimized for the “internet of things,” or the vast array of devices – from cars to TVs – that have enhanced capabilities thanks to being connected to the internet.

He sees great potential in this use case, arguing these connected machines might one day send payments between each other. And with that, he envisions that a “money owned by nobody” (i.e. bitcoin) will play a key role, since payments can be so cheap and various devices can execute them without the need for a third party.

Back to the basics

But with all of the futuristic, look-past-the-horizon ideas aside, another key focus of the Lightning Hackday was simply making lightning easier to use.

“There’s a lot going on, but there’s also not,” bitcoin enthusiast Toby Algya said, laughing about how difficult lightning is to set up. “I’m just trying to get lightning working. That’s my personal challenge for the day.”

In this regard, developers are still thinking about the bottom layer, which might someday help with these kinds of problems. For example, a tool called “lightning autopilot” could make things easier by automating the step where users have to set up a “channel” to use the network.

For one, Rene Pickhardt, a lightning developer and data science consultant, is working in this area and argues that these kinds of design questions are important to answer early.

“Why is it important to think about it early? If we grow lightning for a couple of years, we might find out topology is not that great,” he contended.

While Pickhardt offered some ideas at the Lightning Hackday, he noted that no solution is perfect since there’s a “tradeoff between privacy and the quality of recommendations.”

On a related note, a few key lightning developers are meeting in Australia next week to discuss the future of the project’s specifications. Pickhardt noted that the future of autopilot, including his implementation, is something high on their list to discuss.

Bosworth echoed that sentiment, saying that these kinds of technical tweaks are so vital that he’s going to hit pause on his big ideas – for now, at least – to focus on them. Case in point: he recently joined Lightning Labs on a full-time basis in order to work on the nuts-and-bolts aspect of the software.

“There are so many cool things that can be built on lightning, it’s important for the underlying protocol to work well,” he said, concluding:

“My priority is to get it there.”

Fearless girl statue image via Renee Leibler

The leader in blockchain news, CoinDesk is a media outlet that strives for the highest journalistic standards and abides by a strict set of editorial policies. CoinDesk is an independent operating subsidiary of Digital Currency Group, which invests in cryptocurrencies and blockchain startups.

For the First Time in a Year, Bitcoin Is Less Volatile Than the Stock Market

/latest/2018/11/for-the-first-time-in-a-year-bitcoin-is-less-volatile-than-the-stock-market/

For the First Time in a Year, Bitcoin Is Less Volatile Than the Stock Market

for-the-first-time-in-a-year-bitcoin-is-less-volatile-than-the-stock-market

For the first time this year, Bitcoin’s price volatility is lower than that of the S&P 500 Index, a popular benchmark for U.S. equity markets. Using a 10-day historical volatility measure, the S&P 500’s volatility for the past week was 27. This is almost twice the value that Bitcoin clocked: only 15.7, as reported by Bloomberg.

This exchange of volatility happens as both markets are experiencing irregular price patterns. The S&P 500, which has been in a raging bull market for years, is currently undergoing a correction. Since its peak on September 21, 2018, the S&P has dropped as much as 11.5%, its worst down-trend since the beginning of the year.

S&P 500

Stocks have been taking a beating recently as investors express concerns over international trade. Specifically, experts are worried about how President Donald Trump will handle a Chinese trade deal. Many are “not optimistic,” says White House economic adviser Larry Kudlow.

On the other hand, bitcoin has been unusually quiet. Besides October 15, 2018, when bitcoin saw a Tether bank run push its price up 10%, the price of bitcoin has remained fairly constant. Volatility in the bitcoin market has been so slow, some analysts are joking that “bitcoin has become a stablecoin.” Data from CryptoCompare illustrates this:

Bitcoin's been trading within a tight rangeData From CryptoCompare

Bitcoin analysts have been monitoring the cryptocurrency’s volatility for almost a month now. In the beginning of October 2018, momentum started slowing down, and some expressed sentiment that there could be a big move coming. Over the past few weeks, bitcoin’s volatility has not come back, as shown in the chart above, and the price has remained relatively stagnant.

Bitcoin’s volatility has decline so much its 30-day index dropped to levels it hadn’t seen since December of 2016. Some analysts have claimed this means the cryptocurrency is now becoming a store of value, and that it’s price will start rising steadily in the future as more ivnestors recognize it as a SoV.

Skirting the Great Wall: The Chequered Saga of Crypto in China, 2018

 

In the aftermath of September 2017’s historic ban on initial coin offerings (ICOs), and the banishment of domestic crypto trading platforms, a resourceful crypto community was already showing signs of devising multiple means of circumventing the authorities’ increasingly draconian actions.

Part two of Cointelegraph’s three-part series continues to investigate the factors that catapulted China’s regulators to redouble their efforts to curb the meteoric rise of crypto trades; their unprecedented actions to try to cut the country’s crypto mining titans down to size; the response of China’s tech triumvirate — Alibaba, Tencent, and Baidu — to new constraints; and as ever, the proliferating means investors continue to use to scale an “impregnable” anti-crypto wall.

January 2018: Pressure on China’s Bitcoin miners

January 2018: Pressure on China’s Bitcoin miners

In December 2017, Leonhard Weese, president of the Bitcoin Association of Hong Kong had observed: China’s “authorities are more worried about the narrative, rather than what people actually do. Once it gets widely reported that Bitcoin trading is well and alive in China, the government will again try to put a lid on it.”

Wesse’s predictions were sound: as early as January 4, local reports revealed that financial regulators had frozen an unknown number of OTC trade accounts country-wide. The combined value of those frozen in the southern cities of Shenzhen and Guangzhou was said to be over 300 million yuan ($46.1 million at the time); around thirty further accounts were said to have been frozen in the northern province of Hebei.

Sources further indicated that a policy to curb the country’s thriving Bitcoin mining industry was in the works. Due to the country’s abundance of cheap energy and hardware, early 2017 reports showed that over two-thirds of global mining pools were based in China.

Mining behemoths, such as Beijing-born Bitmain, not only benefited from the power glut in coal-rich regions such as Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia, but were reportedly being cut bespoke deals by local government. In Mongolia’s Ordos city, authorities were said to be offering Behemoth a subsidized electricity rate of just four U.S. cents per kilowatt hour — 30 percent cheaper than the going rate for other local industrial firms.

On January 2, a leaked memo from the PBoC to a top-level government internet finance group — the Leading Group of Internet Financial Risks Remediation — reportedly proposed that Bitcoin miners should make an “orderly exit” from China due to them consuming “huge amounts of resources and stoking speculation of virtual currencies.”

The ties between the central bank and the internet-finance regulator were said to be close, given that a deputy PBoC governor, Pan Gongsheng, had been instated as head of the regulatory group when it had first been established back in 2016. Pan was not the most crypto-receptive of figures: he was said to have predicted the death of Bitcoin in December 2017, and was quoted by Chinese media that same month as saying that:

“If we had not shut down Bitcoin exchanges and cracked down on ICOs several months ago, if China still accounted for more than 80% of the world’s Bitcoin trading and ICO fundraising, everyone, what would happen today? Thinking of this question makes me scared.”

Returning to the leaked Bitcoin miner memo, Quartz reported that the internet-finance regulator subsequently ordered local authorities to wield all available means in their arsenal — including “measures linked to electricity prices, land use, tax, and environmental protection” — to pressure miners to cease their operations.

At a national level, the regulator is reported to have requested local authorities to submit a progress report by January 10, detailing the existing mining facilities in their jurisdictions, followed by monthly reports on the progress of miners’ “exits” on the 10th of each month.

A separate leaked document from the regulator’s regional Xinjiang office is alleged to have ordered authorities in western China to submit similar reports, citing near-identical concerns. Quartz’ enquiries with the Xinjiang office at the time confirmed the authenticity of the latter, regional document.

In parallel, Bloomberg reported on a “closed-door meeting” said to have been held by the PBoC at the end of December 2017, allegedly outlining a plan to direct a wider spectrum of local officials and national regulators to monitor — and even potentially restrict — high energy consumption associated with the mining industry.

Anonymous sources had told the media that Chinese officials were “concerned” that miners were “taking advantage” of cheap electricity sources in certain regions. Bloomberg noted, however, that Caixin news agency had refuted that the PBoC meeting had taken place, citing an undisclosed source.

On January 13, China’s Economic Observer (EEO) reported on the unfolding consequences and responses to the government’s “tightened” approach to mining.

Officials from the relevant authorities in China’s eastern provinces of Shandong and Jiangsu observed that the regulatory pressure had been uneven with respect to different geographic regions: they claimed not to have received any notices, and considered that the “clean-up” was focused on the country’s central and western regions.

Seemingly uneven pressure was consistent with news of a national effort to transfer power away from energy-rich but sparsely-populated regions to where it was needed most. Virtually all the lines in China’s new ultra-high-voltage transmission network — designed to redirect electricity from the oversupplied north and west to the east — were set to be completed that year.

Lauri Myllyvirta, a Beijing-based campaigner with Greenpeace, said she considered that Bitcoin mining in China at the time was “mainly an opportunistic way of making some money out of the failures and inefficiencies of the power system.”

EEO cited “a person familiar with the matter” as saying that this fact had not gone unnoticed, and that regulation of Bitcoin mining pools had in fact “entered the regulatory horizon as early as the September 2017 ICO policy.”

As a consequence of the intensified pressure, several mines in the southwestern Sichuan province — where mining activity is said to have been concentrated — had now entered a “period of downtime” pending regulatory clarification. The Leading Group of Internet Financial Risks Remediation is reported to have been undertaking an “inventory” of mining activities across the province.

EEO also noted that some large mining pools were beginning to relocate their operations overseas; for small-medium sized pools, however, the cost of overseas transition was said to be “too difficult to bear,” as corroborated by one small mining pool owner.

On January 11, ViaBTC, reportedly the world’s fourth largest Bitcoin mining pool at the time, issued a statement that it would be increasing its cloud mining maintenance fee:

“Due to recent policy changes, some of our long-term hosting partners are facing a crisis of closure as mining resources in Mainland China become more scarce, leading to rocketing costs of our cloud mining operation.”

In parallel, “three independent sources” revealed that local authorities had frozen assets totalling over 600 million yuan in bank accounts that were found to be investing in crypto mining firms in the provinces of Hunan, Heilongjiang, Hebei, and Guangdong.

January–July 2018: Escalation of crypto trading ban to include “exchange-like” services

January–July 2018: Escalation of crypto trading ban to include “exchange-like” services

As it redoubled efforts to purge the economy of perceived risks, Beijing looked set to escalate its ban on crypto trading to include “market-making” platforms, the definition of which was not — at the outset — clearly delineated. As early as the previous September, reports had already indicated that the government would be looking to extend its ban beyond domestic exchanges and clamp down on Chinese mainland access to foreign exchange sites.

On January 15, Bloomberg cited undisclosed sources that claimed the authorities would indeed try to “block domestic access to homegrown and offshore platforms that enable centralized trading,” without defining exactly ”how policy makers [would] define such platforms.”

Despite September’s domestic exchange closures, analyses in January continued to include Bitcoin trading as a factor in capital outflows from China: an article January 6 suggested that the government’s capital-control measures — which included subjecting yuan conversions to a quota — only further incentivized crypto trades. Shanghai-based economist Qiu Difan noted that:

“Under [China’s] regulations on cross-border flows, the appeal of using Bitcoin to obtain foreign exchange and take capital out of the country will increase, especially for funds that may have been used in illegal operations such as money laundering.”

Thomas Glucksmann, head of marketing at Hong Kong-based over-the-counter (OTC) crypto trading desk Gatecoin, considered that “lackluster equity performance, a potential real-estate bubble, yuan weakness, and capital controls are all driving Chinese demand for Bitcoin.”

With an intensified crypto clampdown imminent, BTCC CEO Bobby Lee presciently noted that the government’s intent to reduce trading by shuttering crypto exchanges would be a Pyrrhic victory: “they can’t crack on Bitcoin itself,” he said. In response to restrictions, “the desire will just go underground, and when the desire goes underground, it’s out of control.”

This seemed to be corroborated by domestic traders: in the words of one anonymous Chinese crypto investor:

“I can do over-the-counter trades or I’ll go offshore… my wallet is my wallet. I’ve never registered my identification card.”

Over 15 domestic crypto exchanges had been shut by that time.

On January 17, the PBoC issued an internal circular to financial institutions, tightening the noose on any residual provision of banking or funding services to crypto-related activities:

“Every bank and branch must carry out self-inspection and rectification, starting from today. Service[s] for cryptocurrency trading [are] strictly prohibited. Effective measures should be adopted to prevent payment channels from being used for cryptocurrency settlement.”

The central bank added that “banks should enhance their daily transaction monitoring, and the timely shut down of payment channels as soon as they discover any suspected trading of cryptocurrencies.” A deadline for the disclosing the implementation of such measures was set for January 20.

On January 26, the semi-official National Internet Finance Association of China issued a risk alert to investors emphasizing that “offshore crypto-trading platforms pose the same hidden dangers of systemic risks, market manipulation, and money laundering.”

By February 5, the Financial News — an official PBoC-affiliated publication — stated that:

“To prevent financial risks, China will step up measures to remove any onshore or offshore platforms related to virtual currency trading or ICOs.”

The article acknowledged the limitations of the efficacy of the 2017 domestic crypto exchange ban, stating that:

“ICOs and virtual currency trading did not completely withdraw from China following the official ban after the closure of the domestic virtual currency exchanges, many people [have] turned to overseas platforms to continue participating in virtual currency transactions. Overseas transactions and regulatory evasion have resumed risks are still there, fuelled by illegal issuance, and even fraud and pyramid schemes.”

An interview with the PBoC confirmed the central bank was set to toughen its restrictions on domestic access to overseas platforms.

Donald Zhao, a Bitcoin trader who had left the stifling regulatory climate of Beijing for Tokyo in the wake of the September ban, commented:

“I think the new move literally means it would be even harder to circumvent the ban in China. People promoting related business programmes may be arrested.”

He added that using VPNs (virtual private networks) to trade crypto on formerly domestic crypto exchanges that had relocated offshore was at that time “common” among Chinese traders. This, despite the fact that Beijing had ordered China’s three telecoms companies to completely block citizens’ access to VPNs by February 2018.

China’s notorious Great Firewall — the country’s web surveillance and content-control system designed to prevent residents from accessing restricted sites — remained porous, despite the MIIT’s campaign to “clean-up” internet access services, making it illegal to operate a VPN service without government approval.

Beijing’s online sweep was immediately palpable; when “Bitcoin,” “virtual currency,” and “ICOs” were entered into Chinese search-engine Baidu and social media platform Weibo, no obvious paid sponsored content came up alongside the expected results.

On March 6, the Chinese government was reported to have shut down multiple crypto exchange WeChat accounts — including that of OKEx.

On March 9, PBoC governor Zhou Xiaochuan broadcast once again the official stance towards crypto, frankly declaring that:

“We do not currently recognize Bitcoin and other digital currencies as a tool like paper money, coins, and credit cards for retail payments.”

He added that while the development of digital currency was a “technological inevitability,” and would ultimately diminish cash circulation, the central bank was not rushing to issue a national digital currency. He emphasized that the PBoC continued to marshal its efforts to “prevent substantial and irreparable damages” to the domestic economy.

Then, on March 19, the “unexpected” appointment of a new PBoC governor, Yi Gang — a figure who was reported to have made positive remarks about Bitcoin — led some to speculate that the central bank might be poised to soften its stance towards decentralized cryptocurrencies.

Back in 2013, Yi was said to have conceded that while Bitcoin could not be legally recognized by the central bank, “ordinary people [had] the freedom to participate.” He considered the coin to be “innovative and inspiring”, predicting it would remain a subject of public attention in the long term.

Yi — just as President Xi Jinping — was both pro-market and pro-market reform, having consistently emphasized the importance of market liberalization, and invited economists who could support his long-term plan to increase the flexibility of the Chinese market. Within weeks, the new governor had made the unprecedented move to officially open the gates of China’s $27 trillion payments market to foreign companies.

In the wake of Yi’s appointment, Cointelegraph reported on an opinion piece dating back to September 17, which had argued that the president’s restrictions on crypto exchanges had been little more than a political move to appease hardline Communist Party members ahead of the October 17 elections. Blogger Jon Creasy had proposed:

“My prediction is this; as soon as President Xi Jinping is re-elected  —  and he will be  —  conservative, free(er)-trade legislation will be put in place, and Bitcoin exchanges will be reinstated:

But for now, Mr. Xi must appeal to the people who keep him in power: the Communist Party. In my opinion, banning Bitcoin exchanges is nothing short of temporary glad-handing.”

By early May, once again the Chinese media was focused on the “overseas” afterlife of its domestic crypto exchange titans. The National Radio’s (CNR) “Voice of China” reported that investors had alleged that OKEx was continuing to “illegally” work in China with domestic clients.

As part of a radio series devoted to “revealing the secret behind digital currencies,” the channel interviewed an OKEx investor who claimed that OKEx was still operating in Beijing for “almost exclusively” Chinese users and that the exchange had moved its headquarters to Belize and the team to Hong Kong in name only.

The report also noted that OKEx’s p2p platform enabled consumers to purchase crypto using their Alipay or Wechat accounts, flaunting the ban on transacting between crypto and fiat.

Chinese first monthly ‘independent analysis’ of crypto and blockchain projects

Yet a week later, on May 11, the government made the surprise announcement that it would begin to issue a monthly “independent analysis” of cryptocurrency and blockchain projects, overseen by an MIIT department, the China Electronic Information Industry Development (CCID). The government gave the impetus for the project as being what it considered to be a “lack of a completely independent assessment/rating” system for digital assets, stating that:

“The project demonstrates the confidence of the Chinese government in the technology, and will act as a guide for government, enterprise, and research institutes.”

The rankings, dubbed the “Global Public Chain Assessment Index,” were set to cover 28 cryptocurrencies, including Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin, Monero, NEO, QTUM, Ripple, and Zcash, to name but a few.  

When published, the first iteration of the new Index crowned Ethereum in first place, followed by Steem, Lisk, NEO, and Komodo. Bitcoin was placed 13th. On the basis of three parameters — “technology,” “application,” and “innovation” — Bitcoin had been found lacking in the former two, even as it outflanked — perhaps unsurprisingly — all other cryptocurrencies on the innovation front

That same month, on May 18, the government launched an educational initiative, publishing the results of an MIIT-led study that claimed to have detected 421 “fake” cryptocurrencies. The MIIT had established a national committee of internet financial security experts (ICFERT) to identify the key features of fraudulent digital currency profiles. They found three:

First, reliance on a “pyramid scheme” model, in which investors are first compelled to make a payment, and then promised returns on the basis that they enroll others in the scheme.

Second, the absence of open-source code for the fake digital asset, allowing its creators to dupe investors into an illusion of skyrocketing growth by artificially splitting the tokens to create an impression of proliferating rewards. The fraudsters claim that the more tokens are generated, the more wealth increases, “only rising without falling.”

Third, given that bogus coins cannot be traded on legitimate crypto exchanges, they are largely traded through OTC deals, or even on transient phony platforms. With no transparency, scammers can manipulate apparent price surges, while at the same time preventing investors from withdrawing funds in order to benefit from such “spikes.”

By early July, the PBoC released a report claiming that the yuan now accounted for less than one percent of global Bitcoin transactions, extolling the momentous impact of policy restrictions.

It went on to celebrate the fact that the country’s policies had ensured a “zero-risk” exit for the 88 cryptocurrency exchanges and 85 ICO trading platforms closed since late 2017.

Guo Dazhi, research director at the Zhongguancun Internet Finance Institute, commented:

“This indicates that the policy has been very successful. It is within expectations that the yuan’s share in global Bitcoin transactions would drop after China announced the ban.”

August–October 2018: Renewed anti-crypto measures, both on and offline

August–October 2018: Renewed anti-crypto measures, both on and offline

Despite PBoC apparently lauding the success of its measures, this summer saw intensified attempts to strike a fatal blow on China’s cryptocurrency traders.

On August 7, the Cyberspace Administration of China issued new regulations stipulating that content providers within chat apps were required to comply with “national interests” and “public orders.”

The impact on the crypto space was almost immediately felt. By August 21, Tencent’s WeChat — which had over 1 billion users — was reported to have blocked a number of crypto- and blockchain-related accounts.

Top 10 Most Popular Social Networks Worldwide

A WeChat official clarified that some public accounts were suspected of publishing ICO and crypto trading “hype,” in violation of the service’s “Interim Provisions on the Development of Public Information Services for Instant Messaging Tools” terms — as had just been outlined in the Cyberspace Administration’s new rules.

Deepchain, Huobi News, Node Capital-backed Jingse Caijing, and CoinDaily were among those affected. SCMP reported at the time that Jingse had had 350,000 “unique daily visitors” prior to the ban, and claimed that “a major revenue source” for the channel was paid content from blockchain-related projects. Reportedly publishing over 200 articles per day, a sponsored article was said to cost 12 Ethereum, valued $3,500 at the time.

In a statement obtained by SCMP, the Huobi team gave a more indeterminate rationale as to the reason for the blocking of its WeChat account, attributing it to the authorities’ “broad action targeting industrial media.”

SCMP also pointed to a March 2018 article from People’s Daily, the “mouthpiece” of the Communist Party, which had levelled vigorous accusations at blockchain news outlets:

“These ‘media’ outlets have made a huge fortune in the speculative wave of cryptocurrencies, but due to their nature, it’s doubtful how long their barbaric growth can keep on going.”

Just a day later, on August 22, local reports surfaced that all commercial venues had been prohibited from hosting crypto-related events in Beijing’s Chaoyang district.

The new notice banned all public spaces in the district — including shopping malls, hotels, and office buildings — from hosting any form of crypto-related promotions. Among the reasons given to justify the measures, the notice cited the “protection of public property rights,” “prevention of money laundering,” and the upholding of “the security and stability of the financial system.” It appealed to citizens to come forth to denounce any violations of its terms.

That same day, the China National Fintech Risk Rectification Office identified 124 crypto trading platforms with overseas IP addresses and was intending to block access to their services.

New measures were also reportedly underway to toughen the “clean-up” of third party crypto payment channels, including those used by OTC platforms, and other “loopholes” through which investors could still gain access to ICOs and crypto. Officials from China’s Office for Special Remediation of Internet Financial Risks were said to be set to meet with third-party payment institutions and order them to cease any crypto-related dealings.

On August 24, a fresh risk alert was issued by five Chinese government regulators — the CRBC, PBoC, Ministry of Public Security, Central Network Information Office, and the General Administration of Market Supervision. The notice sounded the alarm on “lawless entities” attempting to amass funds “using the banner of ‘financial innovation’ and ‘blockchain’ and distributing ‘so-called ‘virtual currency,’ ‘virtual assets,’ and ‘digital assets.’”

“Such activities are not really based on blockchain technology, but rather the practice of speculative blockchain concepts for illegal fundraising, pyramid schemes, and fraud,” the document stated, urging the public to stay “rational”:

“[Such schemes are] rely on […] internet chat tools for trading, use online payment tools to collect funds, rent overseas servers, yet actually carry out activities for domestic residents […] the funds for these illegal activities are mostly overseas, and supervision and tracking are very difficult.”

The notice declared that authorities would be ratcheting up measures against “illegal” ICOs.

That same day, China’s mobile payment app Alipay —  run by Alibaba affiliate Ant Financial — took measures to restrict and even permanently block any accounts it found to be using its network to transact Bitcoin OTC.

According to a Beijing News report, Alibaba was in the process of establishing an inspection system for identifying “key websites and accounts.” Sources from Ant Financial told the news agency the firm would be conducting a “risk prevention” program intended to educate users about the dangers of false crypto-related “propaganda.”

On August 27, China’s “Google” Baidu, closed at least two popular crypto-related chat forums, with a notice reportedly informing users that the move was “in accordance with relevant laws, regulations and policies.”

Two days later, the prohibition against commercial venues from hosting crypto-related events was then extended to Guangzhou Development District, a special economic zone in southern China, close to Hong Kong.

As a feverish August passed, however, SCMP came out with a fresh report describing the resilience with which crypto traders continued to circumvent government restrictions.

Published September 8, the article reflected that it seemed “practically impossible to ever impose a complete shutdown on trading.”

According to SCMP, in the days that followed late August’s toughened measures, the combined trading volume on seven exchanges popular among Chinese traders had indeed dropped by around 33 percent. Yet multiple industry figures emphasized that as long as a platform remained nominally offshore and supported p2p transactions, regulators would face an almost intractable challenge to wipe out such trading entirely.

Terence Tsang, COO of TideBit, told SCMP that:

“The latest warning and potentially increased monitoring of foreign platforms is targeted at a batch of smaller exchanges that had claimed to be foreign entities, but are in fact operating in China, claiming they have outsourced their operations to a Chinese company […] Those exchanges whose website landing pages are in Chinese have drawn particular scrutiny by regulators.”

The report further outlined how traders had begun leveraging Tether (USDT) as a means of entering and exiting cryptocurrency markets. Combined with a VPN, two traders could then use an “overseas” platform as an intermediary to swap crypto for fiat and vice versa.

“Two individuals who have both completed a ‘know-your-customer’ procedure with an exchange would swap ‘fiat’ currencies […] to Tether,” SCMP reported, detailing how:

“The exchange plays the role of an overseer of such trades, and stands ready to adjudicate in cases of failed trades, or transactions that are not honored […] the money will usually be transferred through bank accounts, or third party online payment networks, between these two individuals. Once Tether is received, then the trader can start trading crypto-to-crypto on any exchange, with the execution done through VPNs.”

The report quoted a source “close to” one such exchange as saying that “while Chinese regulators definitely have the technical ability to shut down VPNs […] traditionally it takes numerous conversations with different stakeholders to reach a consensus on configuring a firewall, which lengthens the process.”

Even as restrictions on operating VPN services were in place, there were no “current or even foreseeable restrictions” on their private use, the source reportedly added.

Two days later, WeChat blocked the official sales channel of Bitcoin (BTC) mining giant Bitmain — without apparently shuttering either its after-sales services or its official account. Yet again, the media platform issued a rules violation notice, stating that:

“Following users’ complaints, [WeChat] has reviewed and discovered that this account — without having acquired authorized credentials or licenses — has been publishing and distributing information of relevant businesses it is involved in.”

Cointelegraph’s sources in China considered at the time that company-run accounts were seemingly being more stringently targeted than those run by individuals, as suggested by the platform’s handling of the account “Crypto Mad Man,” which operated under the WeChat ID “shuzihuobiqushikuangren.”

The channel’s official account — a crypto price prediction channel which was run by an individual — remained live, whereas its sub-account — run by a company, and including the occasional promotion of new altcoins — had been banned.

On September 18, the Shanghai headquarters of the PBoC yet again “reminded” investors of the risks associated with ICOs and crypto trading, censuring the “unauthorized” and “illegal” financing model for posing a “serious disruption” to the “economic, financial, and social order.”

The bank again lauded the success of the authorities’ pummeling of the crypto industry, especially the recent, “timely” and “targeted” measures undertaken by the National Internet Financial Risk Special Remediation Leading Group:

“[China’s] global share of domestic virtual currency transactions has dropped from the initial 90% to less than 5%, effectively [preventing] the virtual currency bubble caused by skyrocketing global virtual currency prices in the second half of last year [from affecting] China’s financial market. The impact has been highly recognized by the community.”

PBoC further stated that “the relevant third-party payment channels have been checked,” resulting in the closure of “around 3,000 accounts engaged in virtual currency transactions.”

Monthly Share of Bitcoin Trading Volume Executed in Chinese Yuan

As the central bank continued to flaunt statistics that seemingly attested to the success of its policies, Chinese tech journal Technode circulated an academic analysis of cryptocurrencies’ prevalence among a certain social stratum of the Middle Kingdom: on September 26, it published the “2018 White Paper on the New Middle Class,” prepared by Chinese financial writer and Professor of Shanghai Zhejiang University, Wu Xiaobo.

TechNode noted that this was “the first time” that the annual report had included Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies as an investment option, as part of its efforts to “decipher China’s middle class and their purchasing, investment, career, family, and value profiles.”

The report portrayed an apparently “risk-averse” demographic: digital currency was identified as the least popular asset in the respondents’ portfolios — with less than 10 percent holding any such investment. Wu’s analysis found that only 9.2 percent of surveyed individuals said they would accept an investment loss higher than 15 percent — leaving over 90 percent distinctly unlikely to take the plunge on the notoriously volatile crypto markets.

That same day, the official state-run Xinhua News Agency released its own account of the present situation in the wake of the PBoC’s renewed warnings and other restrictive measures: it published a “reporter’s” account of how despite the summer’s measures, ICO’s continued to “reemerge.”

Notably, the report characterized ICOs using a Chinese idiom “Ge jiucai”  — which translates roughly as “cutting the leek” — as a metaphor for the agency’s belief that ICOs are little more than fraudulent Ponzi schemes.

Cointelegraph’s Chinese sources clarified that the idiom derives from the fact that the leek is a plant that reproduces itself very fast — an analogy for the constantly proliferating stream of incoming new investors to such schemes. The “cutting”  — or harvesting — refers to perpetrators making away with a bundle of money:

“Since potential new investors are numerous and there’re always more people who can join the game and be lured, this fraudulent game can repeat itself over and over again.”

Cutting the Leek

Xinhua outlined that even as crypto-fiat trading and the publication of ICO hype had been curtailed, OTC transactions remained a time-tested means for domestic investors to purchase crypto:

“Upon logging in to OTCBTC, CoinCola, and other platforms you can see that the platform has an off-exchange area, [and that] through Alipay, WeChat, or a bank transfer, you can easily buy mainstream currencies such as Bitcoin.”

The agency noted that traders could then easily enter crypto-crypto trading areas to purchase any ICO token they wished. Citing an unnamed “industry insider,” Xinhua compared OTC trades to “Taobao shopping” — a popular Alibaba-owned e-commerce platform. The source remarked:

“It seems that throughout the entire transaction process, these platforms do not violate the relevant policies, and that over-the-counter transaction has actually opened a loophole into ICO token transactions.”

It was further suggested that social media accounts that “enable crypto trading under the guise of blockchain” remained just as active as before the September 4 ban. Moreover, it was alleged that — facilitated by social media — crypto exchanges and ICO projects continued to “join forces” to perpetrate ruinous ‘pyramid’ schemes.

Further “industry insiders” portrayed the lucrative, offshoot industry of social media platforms. Social media accounts were said to be engaged in forms of commercial writing, project meetings and even liaising offline interviews to further the promotion of ICOs. “Some social media actors will ask for 100,000 yuan or at least 1 Bitcoin, and some video interviews will cost 1,000 yuan for 1 minute,” the agency claimed.

The article diagnosed the litany of evasions that continued to succeed despite toughened measures. It reiterated that despite their relocations “overseas,” trading platforms nonetheless continued to focus on providing services to domestic traders.

“For example, some platforms register in Malta,” but provide Chinese web pages in parallel to their English-language homepages; many evade supervision by creating groups on Telegram to facilitate “believers.” VPN usage remains rife.

An interview with an ICO project leader at a business incubator event in Beijing’s Haidan district revealed the surreptitious “new ecology” of China’s ICO space:

“In order to evade supervision, a foundation is set up abroad to issue ICO tokens. The fundraising remains primarily targeted domestic investors. The project white paper can be purchased on “Taobao” at a price of around RMB 40,000.”

Moreover, the interviewee said, the ICO project pays a “foreign face” to “provide a facade” — beyond this role, the figure behind it “rarely shows up.”

The reporter also cited an industry research institute’s monitoring of five of the most popular crypto trading platforms among Chinese investors — such as Binance and OKEx — during the first half of 2018. Out of 337 listed coins, the institute identified 264 successfully completed ICOs. Noting that the figure overlapped with the “264 ICO tokens issued ‘overseas,’” the trading platforms were reported to have removed them, having identified them as projects targeting Chinese investors.  

As of August 21, Xinhua stated, 98.8 percent of the 264 currencies had all but collapsed in value. As a cautionary tale, the reporter interviewed Liu Peng, an investor in the city of Tianjin, who related how he had himself used loophole mechanisms to access crypto trading platforms. His initial investment of 80,000 yuan was alleged to now be valued at less than 20,000 yuan.

Peng observed that many borrowed money to speculate on coins, with some subsequent losses coming to as high as over 90 percent.

“In the face of the resurgence of virtual currency speculation, the industry calls for supervision to continue to deepen,” the reporter declared.

Li Honghan, a researcher at the International Monetary Institute of Renmin University of China, remarked that social media continued to circulate “false propaganda” misleading investors; a figure in charge of a “relevant” department at the Beijing Financial Work Bureau said it was “necessary to take timely measures” — such as shutting down media accounts in order to prevent their participation in the ICO “hype.”

Xu Zezhen, secretary of the Party Committee of the Beijing Internet Finance Industry Association, commented that in the context of the ban on ICOs, many companies claim to be blockchain-related but in fact “sell dog meat.” Again, Zezhen considered such projects were simply “Ge jiucai.”

Camouflage

The colorful rhetoric of Xinhua’s scathing report betrays a vehemence that is commensurate with the apparent indomitability of China’s crypto community, vindicating commentators’ shrewd predictions that any measures to dampen crypto-related activities could only ever be a “Pyrrhic victory.”

The forthcoming third part of Cointelegraph’s crypto in China series will delve into the apparent paradoxes that govern the ownership, useability and legal protection of cryptocurrencies in the country, even as the official curtailment of trading has reached fever pitch.

XRP Long-term Price Analysis

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XRP Long-term Price Analysis

xrp-long-term-price-analysis-14

XRPUSD Long-term Trend – Ranging

Distribution territories: $0.80, $0.90, $1

Accumulation territories: $0.30, $0.20, $0.10.

XRP’s price has been ranging along the $0.45 price territory for the last few weeks. Trading sessions have seemingly slowed down as neither the bears nor the bulls are in control of the cryptocurrency.

Ripple, XRPUSD, Cryptocompare chartXRP Chart by TradingView

XRP’s price has been hovering along its SMAs, which are close together. The 14-day SMA moved on top of the 50-day SMA from above and they’re now crossing.

The Stochastic Oscillators have crossed and are now slightly above range 60. This suggests the bulls are, to a certain extent, gaining momentum over the bears. The $0.50, $0.45 and $0.40 price territories are now clearly key price territories that disciplined traders can take advantage of to enter positions. Traders should watch out for a strong correction against said key areas.

The views and opinions expressed here do not reflect that of CryptoGlobe.com and do not constitute financial advice. Always do your own research.